UK-ageing population

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  • Created by: Revisiola
  • Created on: 10-05-16 11:41
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  • UK- ageing population
    • Causes
      • Increasing life expectancy
        • between 1980 and 2006 , life expectancy rose 2.8 years for women and 4 years for men
      • BABY BOOM
        • Lots of babies were born between 1940's and 60's , there generations are now starting to retire, increasing the number of elderly
      • Falling birth rate
        • There are fewer young people, so the proportion of older people is greater
    • Problems
      • Pressure on the pension system
        • State pensions are paid by the working population through taxes. However, there aren't enough working class people.
      • Many elderly live in poverty
        • The state pension isn't large and people don't have savings.
          • State pensions are paid by the working population through taxes. However, there aren't enough working class people.
      • Pressure on the health system
        • Older people often need more health care
        • The average stay in hospital for people over 75 was 13 nights
          • The UK population as a whole , has an average of 8 nights
    • Stratergies
      • The age retirement has been increased
        • It's currently 65 for men and 60 for women , however it will be raised to 68 for everyone by 2050
          • This will increase the working population
      • encouraging immigration of working age people
        • 80% of the immigrant were 34 or under
      • encouraging more women to have children
        • The UK pensions system means that women won't lose out is they take career breaks to have hildren
    • Ageing population - A rise in the median age of the population usually associates with an increase in the proportion of old dependents
    • In 2005 , 16% of the population were over 65. This is expected to rise to 25% by 2041.

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