Section 5 revision (Britain 1604-1611)

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  • Created by: sanaaah
  • Created on: 28-11-15 14:37
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  • Section 5 Revision (Britain 1604-1611)
    • Parliamentary Privilege
      • Allows MPs to speak freely without fear of prosecution
      • enables parliament to function effectively
      • Four Ancient privileges
        • Free access to the monarch and the house of lords
        • Right to correct mistakes and understandings
        • Freedom from arrest
        • Freedom of speech
    • The Buckingham shire election (1604)
      • First day of business in 1604 - MPs had learnt that the MP for Buckinghamshire had been annulled- outlaw.
        • He had broken the law - had two summonses for debt
      • 2nd election- John Fortescue (Privy Councillor) returned in Goodwin's place - saw this as a royal interference.
      • After hearing Goodwin's case, found out that he hadn't been legally outlawed and re-instated him.
        • James believed the commons were acting illegally
          • This in turn made the situation worse
            • He decided that all disputes to be decided by the Court of Chancery not the Commons.
              • He had both MPs dismissed and a new election was held
              • The Court of Chancery is where the disputes were settled on the basis of equity, not law.
    • Shirley's Case (1604)
      • MP Thomas Shirley was arrested for debt
        • The arrest made MPs upset
        • MPs were keen to establish parliamentary privilege of freedom of arrest
        • To assert point, the governer of fleet debtors' prison was to live in Tower of London until Shirley was released.
    • Union of England and Scotland
      • In the early stages of Parliament, MPs were irritated because James refused to allow the commons to introduce ecclesiastical reforms
      • Simply maintaining Elizabethan precedent of royal prerogative to decide the religious questions.
      • Unification of England and Scotland was part of James' design for the kingdom to be secure internally and to have peace with Europe.
      • There was intense opposition to the name Great Britain
      • Concern that the new state would abolish English Laws.
      • James declared his title to be the King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of Faith.
      • James wanted a new currency called 'Unite'
  • MPs were keen to establish parliamentary privilege of freedom of arrest

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