Types of networks available and the use of associated hardware

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  • Types of networks available and the use of associated hardware
    • Peer-to-peer
      • Networks where each computer has the same status and can communicate with each other on an equal footing
      • Advantages
        • Cost-saving, no server needed
        • No network manager needed
        • Easy to set up
        • No reliance on server
        • Lower operating costs
        • Peer responsibility
      • Disadvantages
        • Backups cannot be made centrally
        • Users need more IT knowledge
        • Poorer security
        • Some computers may run slowly
        • Only suitable for small networks - less than 15 computers
    • Client-server
      • Preferred choice for large networks. All computers are not the same status. More powerful computer used as central computer.
      • Advantages
        • Security is better
        • Centralised data
        • Backups taken centrally
        • Faster access to programs and files
        • Centralised accommodation
      • Disadvantages
        • More expensive
        • Need specialist knowledge
        • Software is sophisticated and expensive
        • Network unusable if server breaks down

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