Types of urbanisation

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  • Types of urbanisation
    • Sub-urbanisation (SU)
      • This is spread of people, services and industry to the edge of the existing urban area
        • Holywood and Boucher
      • Out of town shopping centres encourage this process
      • Another factor that effect this is the ability of suburban dwellers accessing there work
        • Lives close to transport routes: trams and railways
      • This determines the outer limit of SU
        • Therefore as transport improves SU increases
        • In the 1950s and 1960s two developments led to rapid SU
      • 1. the conditions of many of the working class housing areas is unacceptable level
        • People rehoused in public sector housing at the edge of the city - Greenfield Sites
      • 2. General increase in living standards in 1950s - people became rich
        • increase in private housing purchased
        • = a sprawling city with more people leaving inner areas for the more attractive suburbs
        • New industry = industrial estates surrounding public housing in Castlereagh, Braniel and Creagh
          • Followed by retail SU e.g. Forestside built on greenfield site in 1964
    • Counter Urbanisation
      • This is the movement of urban workers from a city to rural towns and villages within communting distance of the city
      • SU posing a significant threat to the surrounding countryside
      • Former suburbs such as Newtownbreda absorbed by the surrounding suburbs
      • Belfast Regional Plan of 1963 made to reduce the growth of the suburbs
        • placed a stopline or limit of growth to Belfast
        • Beyond the stopline, future growth directed to new towns
        • A greenbelt - an area of open and controlled space - would separate Belfast from surronding smaller towns
        • Stopline = successful until large amounts of pressure granted permission to build public sector housing
          • In the west of the city at Poleglass
        • Once stopline was breached the private sector on increases pressure for the release of the land for private housing
        • Land was released - Carnishill and Four Winds was built
      • The Belfast Urban Area Plan 2001
        • Prevented urban sprawl
        • challenging to the rural areas
      • Towns such as Comber, Carryduff, Saintfield and Hillsborough have experienced growth of private housing in Greenfield sites
      • House prices rise
        • the demand for housing in the towns that allow a rural living place close to a urban working areas
        • Advantage - orginal people can sell the house for a dearer price
        • Disadvantage- costs more to buy into the housing market


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