Types of Euthanasia

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  • Created by: uisay17
  • Created on: 04-02-16 16:05
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  • Types of Euthanasia
    • Euthanasia is the intentional ending of another person's life by medical means.
      • Usually used to help a person whose suffering from a very painful or terminal illness or who may be seriously brain damaged and beyond medical help.
    • The word ' euthanasia' comes from 2 Greek words 'eu' meaning 'good' and 'thanatos' meaning 'death'
      • It literally means 'good death'.
    • Active Euthanasia - where a person asks a doctor or other person to take an action deliberately designed to end their life.
      • E.g. To give a person a lethal injection or 'cocktail'.
        • Active Euthanasia is illegal in the UK but legal in places like Switzerland (Dignitas clinic), Holland and Belgium.
          • Case study e.g. Dr Anne Turner.
    • Voluntary euthanasia - where a person requests such action themselves.
      • Case study e.g. Daniel James and Dr Anne Turner.
    • Assisted suicide - where euthanasia requires the help of another person to carry it out.
      • Case study e.g. Daniel James
    • Passive Euthanasia - where a person is allowed to die by the withdrawal of treatment.
      • E.g. by turning off a person's life support machine for someone in a coma.
        • Legal in the UK, due to the Bland Ruling.
          • Case study e.g. Tony Bland and Mary Omerad in the UK.
    • Non-voluntary Euthanasia - passive euthanasia is also considered non-voluntary as the person is unable to give their consent to it.
      • Case study e.g. Tony Bland and Mary Omerad in the UK.


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