Methods of Practice

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  • Type of Practice
    • Whole
      • Not broken down into subroutines
      • Used for highly organised skills (where it cannot be broken down easily into subroutines)
      • Advantages
        • Learned experiences feel of whole skill (kinaesthesia)
        • Learner appreciates end product
        • Learner appreciates flow and timing - more fluent
        • Quicker
        • Positive transfer into real situation
        • Keeps links between subroutines
      • Disadvantages
        • Unsuitable for complex skills
        • Lot of information to take in
        • Not suitable for novices
    • Whole-Part-Whole
      • Teach whole skill then focus on weakness, then go back to whole
      • Advantages
        • Shows weakness and correcst weakness
      • Disadvantages
        • Time consuming
        • Some skills can't be broken down
      • Used when skills are...
        • Complex
        • Fast paced
    • Progressive part
      • Skill broken down into subroutines which add up
        • E.g. Triple jump (run up, hop, skip, jump)
      • Used when a skill is...
        • Complex
        • Serial
        • Externally paced
        • Low organised
      • Advantages
        • Keeps links between parts
        • Stages of success increase motivation
        • Reduces danger
        • Reduces fatigue
        • Focus on weakness
      • Disadvantages
        • Time consuming
        • If first part is incorrect, the whole performance will be incorrect
        • Negative transfer

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