Twentieth century britain

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  • Twentieth century Britain
    • Massive development of scientific and technological innovation
      • Ideas spread rapidly and sports became more globalised
        • Fields of play are now enclosed with boundaries, as well as timetabled and with written codes of conduct
    • Sport in Britain had taken shape until television boom of the 1960s and 1970s
      • Participants wear aids for identification
      • Fixed numbers of players on teams
      • Professionals in rugby, football and cricket
      • Cups and leagues
    • Teams and spectators could travel more widely to attend events held on Saturdays rather than holy days
      • 1940s saw radio coverage, increasing crowds
      • International competitions became more 'shop windows' (e.g. Olympics)
    • Part of school curricula was physical education
      • Education act of 1944 (Butler Act)
      • Education involves the person as a whole
      • Grammar, secondary modern and secondary technical
    • Both public and private transport became available to everyone
      • Increase in numbers to travel, including internationally to participate or spectate
    • Wealth was still unequally shared
      • Spectators now had to pay to watch
    • Considerable growth of urbanisation
      • There was more time for leisure and less time spent on work
        • More participation in sport as a result
      • Available land was heavily used
    • Stress due to war and terrorism led to a decrease in health and well-being
    • Most cruel sports had disappeared
    • Participation of women had fallen in 1900, especially in the working class
    • Gambling was still a major part of sport
      • Male dominated
    • Important for maintaining troop morale  during WW1
    • Social classes are more complex: A, G, C1, C2, D, E


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