Turning to Crime- Upbringing

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  • Turning to Crime- Upbringing
    • Farringdon- Disrupted families
    • Sutherland- Differential Association (social learning theory)
      • Theory not a study
        • A person becomes delinquent due to definitions of legal codes and laws as favourable violations of the law (over unfavourable)
  • Document start, duration and end of offending behaviour from childhood to adulthood in families.
    • Farringdon- Disrupted families
  • EVALUATION
    • Longitudinal study- provides large amounts of quantative and qualitative data to be compared.
    • Difficult to establish cause and effect as p's aren't monitored all the time.
    • Gives support for genetic influence and social learning
      • 75% of convicted parents had convicted child
  • Criminal behaviour is learned.
    • Sutherland- Differential Association (social learning theory)
      • Theory not a study
        • A person becomes delinquent due to definitions of legal codes and laws as favourable violations of the law (over unfavourable)
    • Main part of criminal behaviour occurs within intimate personal groups
      • The media is less influential than close peer groups and family.
        • This learning includes techniques of committing the crime and motives, drives, rationalisations, and attitudes.
          • Criminal behaviour is learned.
            • Main part of criminal behaviour occurs within intimate personal groups
              • The media is less influential than close peer groups and family.
                • This learning includes techniques of committing the crime and motives, drives, rationalisations, and attitudes.
                  • Individuals become criminal due to repeated contact with criminal activity and lack of contact with non- criminal activity.
                    • Differential association may vary in frequency, duration, priority and intensity. the extent of a persons criminal activity and career will depend on the extent of their contact with criminal activity.
                      • EVALUATION
                        • Deterministic as suggests we have no free will over our actions
          • Individuals become criminal due to repeated contact with criminal activity and lack of contact with non- criminal activity.
            • Differential association may vary in frequency, duration, priority and intensity. the extent of a persons criminal activity and career will depend on the extent of their contact with criminal activity.
              • EVALUATION
                • Deterministic as suggests we have no free will over our actions
  • Longitudinal data collected annually of 2000 young people in Peterborough who were randomly selected
    • Wilkstrom- Peterborough Adolescent Development Study
      • Turning to Crime- Upbringing
        • Identify key individual and environmental factors which create or deter offending in adolescence.
      • Began when p's were 12-13 years old- until they were 15-16

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