Tudor Society

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  • Tudor society
    • 1) The monarch and the church
      • The king and the church ruled English society.
      • The king believed he had been appointed by God and ruled by divine right.
      • The church had its own hierachy: cardinal, archbishop, bishop and priest.
    • 2) The nobility
      • powerful landowners who had their own hierarchy: dukes, earls, barons and knights.
    • 3) Gentry and merchants
      • had positions of power in the countryside, where they enforced the king's laws
      • Merchants had positions of influence in towns and cities and owned lots of property
    • 4) Yeomen and highly-skilled craftsmen
      • Yeomen = farmers who owned land and were 'freemen'.
      • highly-skilled craftsmen = worked in towns and were quite wealthy
    • 5) Tenant farmers and skilled tradesmen
      • Tenant farmers = rented enough land to live on, usually from a yeoman or member of the gentry.
      • Skilled tradesmen = carpenters, stonemasons and tailors
    • 6) Labourers and unskilled workers
      • menial jobs on farms or in towns
    • 7) Vagrants, homeless and unemployed

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