Tudor Government

  • Created by: CaitKelly
  • Created on: 21-01-19 20:09
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  • Tudor Government
    • Methods of control
      • Henry VII wanted to limit the power of nobles whilst also keeping them loyal. This was done by:
        • 1) All decisions were made in the royal court
        • 2) The Star Chamber punished disloyal nobles
        • 3) Rewarded loyal nobles (patronage)
        • 4) Avoided foreign wars- built up wealth
        • 5) Promoted members of the gentry
    • Parliament
      • Only summoned when needed by the monarch
        • Monarch didn't attend- Henry VII relied on close allies (Eg Duke of Norfolk)
      • House of Lords- 50 bishops and great nobles
      • House of Commons- 300-350 gentry
      • Parliament became important under Henry VIII for a few reasons:
        • Henry needed more money (through taxation) to fund his wars with France and Scotland
        • Henry needed Parliament's support for his religious changes
        • How Henry VIII extended his power as King
          • Didn't rely on nobles; promoted ordinary men to positions of power
            • Cardinal Wolsey- Son of a blacksmith but became the Lord Chancellor (1515). Spread taxes more fairly, reformed justice system, etc. Lost power when he couldn't get Henry a divorce
          • Reduced number of retainers (men nobles called to fight)
        • There was a wider range of people (ie gentry) that became part of the political nation so there was more cooperation between the monarch and parliament
    • How Henry VIII extended his power as King
      • Didn't rely on nobles; promoted ordinary men to positions of power
        • Cardinal Wolsey- Son of a blacksmith but became the Lord Chancellor (1515). Spread taxes more fairly, reformed justice system, etc. Lost power when he couldn't get Henry a divorce
      • Reduced number of retainers (men nobles called to fight)
    • Elizabeth I
      • Elizabeth I had a good relationship with parliament
        • Parliament
          • Only summoned when needed by the monarch
            • Monarch didn't attend- Henry VII relied on close allies (Eg Duke of Norfolk)
          • House of Lords- 50 bishops and great nobles
          • House of Commons- 300-350 gentry
          • Parliament became important under Henry VIII for a few reasons:
            • Henry needed more money (through taxation) to fund his wars with France and Scotland
            • Henry needed Parliament's support for his religious changes
            • There was a wider range of people (ie gentry) that became part of the political nation so there was more cooperation between the monarch and parliament
      • Good relations with the nobles was important, she had advisers in the north and the Privy council was the most important. Elizabeth I kept the Star Chamber, and relied on nobles for war.
      • Challenges:
        • Elizabeth I didn't criticise her Catholic sister too much so the transition between monarch would be smooth.
        • She tried to find a 'middle ground' between religions
        • Plots and rebellions were an issue- ie Mary Queen of Scots
        • Elizabth I never married and so had no heir
    • Importance of the nobles
      • Henry needed nobles ton provide armies for his wars
      • Noblemen helped in rebellions (ie Pilgrimage of Grace)
      • Nobles were used for the king to communicate with the people
      • Privy council was important
      • Good relations with the nobles was important, she had advisers in the north and the Privy council was the most important. Elizabeth I kept the Star Chamber, and relied on nobles for war.

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