Tsunamis- Case study

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  • Created by: vampette
  • Created on: 08-04-14 16:59
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  • Tsunamis- Case Study
    • 26th December 2004
      • earthquake earthquake off the west coast of Sumatra measuring around 9.1 on the richtor scale.
      • The earthquake caused a tsunami with waves up to 30 m high.
    • The tsunami affected many countries, e.g. Indonesia, Thailand, India and Sri Lanka.
    • 230,000 people were killed or are still missing; over 1.7 million people lost their homes; 5-6 million people needed emergency food, water and medical supplies.
    • The infrastructure (roads, water pipes and electricity lines) of many countries were severely damaged.
    • Environmental damage:
      • salt from the seawater has meant plants can't grow in many areas.
      • Mangroves, coral reefs, forests and sand dunes were also destroyed by the waves.
    • Economic damage:
      • Millions of fishermen lost their livelihoods.
      • The tourist industry suffered because of the destruction and because people were afraid to go on holiday there.
    • Short-term responses
      • Hundreds of millions of pounds had been pledged by foreign governments, charities, individuals and businesses to give survivors access to food, water, shelter and medical attention.
      • Foreign countries sent ships, planes, soldiers and teams of specialists to help rescue people, distribute food and water and begin clearing up.
    • Long-term responses
      • Billions of pounds have been pledged to help re-build the infrastructure.
      • Programmes have been set up to re-built houses and help people get back to work
      • A tsunami warning system has been put in place in the Indian ocean.
      • Disaster management plans have been put in place in some countries. Volunteers have been trained so that local people know what to do if a tsunami happens again.


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