Tsunami - japan

  • Created by: sana.2000
  • Created on: 27-03-19 22:42
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  • Japan, Sendai - Tsunami
    • general info
      • epicentre - 18.6 miles below western pacific
      • Convergent plate boundary (pacific plate over Eurasion plate)
      • Magnnitude of 8.9 (Earthquake)
    • impacts
      • social
        • 20,000 dead
        • 164,059 - households in the north of Japan didnt have electricity
      • Economic
        • Toyota and Nissan had to close 20 factories globally
          • factories destroyed and power shortages - Industry destroyed
        • Fukushima power plant damaged and released dangerous levels of radiation
          • result in 7 nuclear Meltdowns
      • environmental
        • Fukushima power plant damaged and released dangerous levels of radiation
          • result in 7 nuclear Meltdowns
        • 3-4% of Japan's rice was contaminted with sea water
          • Agriculture near the plant was destroyed
      • Responses
        • 91 countries offered aid
        • Japan self-defence force moved in immediately - all debris cleared within 2 days
        • within an hr of Fukushima evacuation order - 185,000
      • why vulnerable/unprepared
        • Fukushima - seawall not high enough/cooling system failed
          • not predicted the impacts of hazardon nuclear power stations
          • lack of safety procedures/ not withstand Tsunami
        • prepared for earthquake/ not for Tsunami
          • Earthquake drills
        • seawalls not high enough- but 40% had seawalls
      • preparation (governance)
        • good building strcture
          • low levels of corruption
          • 75% of buildings - Withstand earthquake
        • well-dev. disaster plans
          • vulnerable areas - 10m high wall
            • reduce impacts
          • Untitled

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