Tsar Nicholas II 1894-1905

Here is a mindmap describing everything to do with Tsar Nicholas II in terms of an exam question at AS between the years 1894 and 1905 in detail. Mainly evidence based. 

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  • Tsar Nicholas II 1894 - 1905
    • Personality Weaknesses
      • The Tsar was very patriotic.
      • He understood that God put him in that position so it was his duty to do it.
      • He cried when he discovered that he was the new Tsar and offered the position to his brother, who refused.
      • He was rash with decision making like in the Russo -Japanese war.
      • He was known for the quote: He couldn't even run the local post office.
      • He felt military was his best ability - so he spent time and time again at the front line and left his German Wife in charge of all the important matters.
    • Russo-Japanese War
      • Battle of Tsushima at sea. 20 Russian ships sank, 5 captured and 4 managed to escape.
      • Battle of Mukden on land. Tsar and army surrender. Signed the Portsmouth peace treaty.
      • Surrendered Port Arthur. Huge failure.
      • Tsar reffered to the Japanese as 'LITTLE YELLOW MONKEYS' He obviously underestimated them, and made himself look like an idiot.
      • The reason for starting this war was to extend the Russian empire and make the Tsar more likable.
    • Civil Unrest
      • 200 protesters were shot and killed.
        • Guards shot out of panic as the Tsar was out that day. Shows poor leadership.
          • Civil Unrest
            • 200 protesters were shot and killed.
              • Guards shot out of panic as the Tsar was out that day. Shows poor leadership.
              • Bloody Sunday: A peaceful protest lead by Father Georgi Gapon.
                • They protested for: Better wages, Better working conditions, an end to the Russo-Japanese war, people power.
          • Bloody Sunday: A peaceful protest lead by Father Georgi Gapon.
            • They protested for: Better wages, Better working conditions, an end to the Russo-Japanese war, people power.
          • Economy
            • Sergei Witte: Witte produced the Gold Standard. This was to help improve the Russian economy and prevent inflation by being able to convert money into gold.
          • Opposition
            • National Liberals: Later Split.
              • Octobrists: More radical.
              • Kadets: Less radical.
            • Social Revolutionaries: Later split.
              • Mensheviks: Leon Trotsky. The less radical side of the social revolutionaries.
              • Bolsheviks: Lenin. The more radical side of the social revolutionaries.
            • Opposition was a great problem for the Tsar - It's existence would allow the Russian people to use their support elsewhere whenever he failed.

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