Truman Doctrine and Marshall aid

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  • Created by: chloe.cs
  • Created on: 11-05-15 18:49
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  • Truman Doctine and the Marshall Plan
    • Truman Doctrine (1947)
      • Proposes CONTAINMENT policy - Stop the spread of communism (Not get rid of it, only stop it spreading)
      • Causes
        • Soviet expansion across eastern Europe
        • Roosevelt dies - Truman becomes President
          • Truman more concerned about communism than Roosevelt
      • Effects
        • Worsens tensions between superpowers
          • Capitalism wanting to contain communism. Opposing ideologies
      • Suggested there could be no cooperation between East and West due to ideological differences
        • Caused Tensions
    • Marshall Plan proposed: 1947 Aproved:1948
      • Send Marshall aid
        • Suggested $17 billion was needed to rebuild Europe's prosperity
      • All countries damaged by war and threatened by communism offered aid. Aid included money, food resources etc. in return European countries would buy US goods and invest in US companies
        • Prevent communists taking advantage of war damaged countries, and giving them support in return for communist rule
          • Marshall aid and reconstruction would weaken the attraction of communism
      • Countries of Europe owed USA $11.5 billion in war debts
    • IRON CURTAIN
      • Contained satalite states eg. Romania, Bulgaria, Poland
      • Communist control increases
        • Rigged elections
          • Allowed communists to make laws and control police and army
            • eg. Poland and Czechoslovakia -1947
        • Forcing opposition leaders into exile. eg. Stanislaw Milokajeyk (fled to London)
        • Control Police and Army
        • Propanganda
        • Murdering/ eliminating key political opponents
          • 1947- Romanian monarchy abolished
          • Hanged Nikola Petkov (Bulgaria)
          • Foreign secratary Jan Masaryk
      • Divide between soviet control and the rest of Europe
      • STOP
        • Truman Doctine and the Marshall Plan
          • Truman Doctrine (1947)
            • Proposes CONTAINMENT policy - Stop the spread of communism (Not get rid of it, only stop it spreading)
            • Causes
              • Soviet expansion across eastern Europe
              • Roosevelt dies - Truman becomes President
                • Truman more concerned about communism than Roosevelt
            • Effects
              • Worsens tensions between superpowers
                • Capitalism wanting to contain communism. Opposing ideologies
            • Suggested there could be no cooperation between East and West due to ideological differences
              • Caused Tensions
          • Marshall Plan proposed: 1947 Aproved:1948
            • Send Marshall aid
              • Suggested $17 billion was needed to rebuild Europe's prosperity
            • All countries damaged by war and threatened by communism offered aid. Aid included money, food resources etc. in return European countries would buy US goods and invest in US companies
              • Prevent communists taking advantage of war damaged countries, and giving them support in return for communist rule
                • Marshall aid and reconstruction would weaken the attraction of communism
            • Countries of Europe owed USA $11.5 billion in war debts
          • IRON CURTAIN
            • Contained satalite states eg. Romania, Bulgaria, Poland
            • Communist control increases
              • Rigged elections
                • Allowed communists to make laws and control police and army
                  • eg. Poland and Czechoslovakia -1947
              • Forcing opposition leaders into exile. eg. Stanislaw Milokajeyk (fled to London)
              • Control Police and Army
              • Propanganda
              • Murdering/ eliminating key political opponents
                • 1947- Romanian monarchy abolished
                • Hanged Nikola Petkov (Bulgaria)
                • Foreign secratary Jan Masaryk
            • Divide between soviet control and the rest of Europe
            • STOP
            • Cominform and Comecon oppsed the TD and MP causing tensions
              • Stalin told E Europe satalite states to refuse aid and use C and C
            • TD=Idea    MA=Execution
      • Cominform and Comecon oppsed the TD and MP causing tensions
        • Stalin told E Europe satalite states to refuse aid and use C and C
      • TD=Idea    MA=Execution

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