Tropical rainforests

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  • Tropical Rainforests
    • Flora
      • 1. shrubs
      • 2. under canopy
      • 3. canopy
      • 4. emergents
      • Adaptations
        • Drip tips:  on leaves allow heavy rain to run off without damaging leaf.
        • Buttress roots: support weight of tall trees. take up nutrients from shallow layer of soil
    • Fauna
      • incests
      • snakes
      • frogs
      • adaptations
        • monkeys have tails to hang and swing in trees.
    • nutrient cycle
      • 1. plants shed leaves and die
      • 2. animals die
      • 3. decomposed by ants. termites, fungi, heat, moisture
      • 4. nutrients taken up by roots.
      • 5. other plants and animals take up nutrients.
      • Deforestation
        • trees removed
          • less dead matter
            • less nutrients
              • affects animals and plants
    • convectional rainfall
      • 1. heavy rain
      • 2. trees intercept some
      • 3. some falls to ground
      • 4. some runs into rivers, leeching
      • 5. much evaporates back into atmosphere.
      • 6. some used by trees
      • 7. some transpired
      • 8. condensation clouds
      • Deforestation
        • less interception
          • more run-off, solid erosion
            • less evaporation and transpiration
              • les rain.
    • Goods/ service
      • logging
        • Deforestation
          • mining
          • farming
      • mining
      • farming
      • rubber tapping
        • sustainable
    • sustainable management
      • socio-cultural
        • protects local customs and livelihoods.
      • Environment
        • environment carrying capacity.
          • conserves natural landscapes and ecosystems.
      • economic
        • infrastructure benefits local economy.
          • provides jobs for locals.
      • Mamiraua
        • sustainable management of ecosystems.
          • Eco- Tourism

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