Tropical Cyclone Case Studies

  • Created by: KateS03
  • Created on: 22-11-18 16:12
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  • TROPICAL CYCLONE case studies
    • AILA, Bangladesh
      • Country?
        • emerging
      • background
        • 25th May 2009
        • 2 - 3m higher sea
        • 270mm rainfall
        • magnitude 1
      • response - long term
        • psychological support - 15,000 children
        • loans given by charities
        • government rebuild embankments
      • primary effects
        • 3.5 million affected
        • 250 died
        • 7,000 injured
        • 700,000 homes destroyed
        • I million people without drinking water
        • salty water leading to infertile soil + dying trees // 59,000 animals died
        • holes were smashed in 1,700km of embankment // flooding at high tide
        • most never had electreicity
        • $296.6 million economic cost
      • secondary effects
        • 3/4 million homeless // May 2010: 200,000 temporary shacks on embankments
        • animals // cooking equipment // clothes lost
        • fishing boats destroyed // buildings lost
        • no wood to burn, so rags burnt for hot food
        • 275 primary schools ruined // 2,000 damaged // government gave books // lessons staggered // still flood with the tide
      • responses - short term
        • most people knew one day before // mainly rich people left
        • communities cleaned up afterwards
        • government gave aid // shown how to cook hygienically // Oxfam // Red Cross
        • charities gave water // some have no drinking water on their village
        • 200,000 temporary plastic shelters built
        • people lost jobs // little help from charities
    • IRMA, United States
      • Country?
        • developed
      • background
        • 10th - 11th September 2017
        • magnitude 4
        • 400mm rainfall
        • 10m storm surge
      • response - long term
        • special cards given to cover losses
        • national + regional support given
        • sea walls outside homes
      • primary effects
        • over 12 million without electricity
        • 134 died
        • 1 million without water a month later
        • environmental impacts: trees blown down // some animals lead to safely
        • porous limestone + good drainage means they're less vulnerable, so only 3m of flooding
        • $30 billion economic impact
        • 80% of affected had it restored within a week
      • responses - short term
        • 7 million ordered to evacuate // 200,000 in shelters
        • some clean up paid for
        • fire + national guard went door to door // Red Cross
        • federal food aid
        • 200,000 people stayed in temporary accommodation // airbnb for free // 2x free uber rides to shelters
        • assistance offered by Florida Department of Economic Opportunities
      • secondary effects
        • 10,000 homeless in Florida
        • income // property // food lost
        • 127 stores closed in Florida // fishing + tourism may be impacted
        • no schools destroyed
        • high demand for take away food

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