Theodicy criticisms

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  • The problem of evil criticisms
    • Irenaeus's theodicy
      • John hick- suffering will be compensated
      • Swinburne- everything has a greater good and sometimes the good is free will. Victims will be compensated in heaven
      • Basil Mitchel- Jesus died to take away our sin, so we can go to heaven which is supported by eschatological justice
      • The concept of human progressively improving fits in with evolution
      • "Suffering is good for you" seems unjust, especially for the innocent
      • Hume- "could we not learn through pleasure as well as pain"
      • Swinburne- suffering is limited by our own capacity to feel pain and our lifespan
    • Augustine's theodicy
      • Explains evil in a way that does not compromise God of western Theism
      • It makes some sense in that much of the evil is the responsibility of mankind
      • Has theological coherence, fits overarching narrative. Creation-fall-redemption
      • Darwin- evolutionary development
      • Schleiermacher- how can a world which is perfect to wrong?
      • Is evil really a privation?
      • If everything depends on God for its existence, then God is still causally connected with human action
    • Hick's  theodicy
      • Peter Vardy- goodness through free choice is much more superior than forced goodness. Analogy of the king and the peasant girl
      • There is  an epistemically distance between us and God because we have no empirical evidence of Him and if we did, we would not be truly free
      • No empirical evidence of God could mean that God doesn't exist rather than there being an epistemically distance
      • If everyone will reach heaven, what is the point of trying to be good in this life? No morel incentive
      • Surely if God is omnipotent, He could create a perfect world where we were all free but still chose goodness


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