Treaty of Versailles

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  • Treaty of Versailles
    • Germany's reaction
      • Economic
        • Ruhr invasion =  hyperinflation
        • Took 10% of German industry
      • Social
        • Banned self-determination
        • Felt betrayed by politicians
          • People bitter & grieving
        • 1.5 million German speakers in control of Poland
        • Lost 6.7 million people to other countries
      • Political
        • Not invited to Paris peace conference
        • 'November criminals'
        • Article 231 blames Germany for war
        • DIktat
        • unfair punishment
      • Territory
        • Lost colonies to GB & France
        • Lost 72,500km square of land
        • Lost 10% of population
    • Terms of treaty
      • War-guilt clause - Article 231
      • Reduced armed forces
        • 100,000 men (volunteers)
        • No aircraft or submarines
        • 6 warships
        • demilitarised Rhineland
      • Reparations £6600 million
      • Lost its empire
        • became Mandates run by L.O.N
      • forbidden to unite with Austria
    • What the 'Big Three' wanted
      • France, Georges Clemenceau
        • suffered badly, wants revenge
        • severe punishment on Germans
        • Germany a future threat?
        • under pressure from bitter, grieving French public
      • Britain, David Lloyd George
        • Public wanted harsh punishment
        • D.L.G wanted 'just' punishment
          • wants Anglo-German trading again
        • avoid future war
      • Woodrow Wilson
        • 14 points
          • self-determination
        • Low damage and casualties
        • main aim to keep peace

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