The Treaty of Versailles

A detailed mind map of the Treaty of Versailles, involving policies for each country (USA, UK, France) and its leader (Wilson, Lloyd George, Clenceau). Focuses on: - Post-war conditions - Territory - Reparations - Army - War Guilt - League of Nations

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  • TREATY OF VERSAILLES
    • Clemenceau
      • "The TIger" vengeful, aims to crush Germany (invaded F twice in 50 yrs)
      • Country's condition
        • 750,00 homes destroyed
        • 1.5 million killed
        • public demands REVENGE
      • Territory
        • SHOULD GO TO THE WINNERS
        • COLONIES should be divided between the winners
        • SAAR rich in coal and iron, should go to France for industrial reconstruction
        • RHINELAND should become an independent state
        • ALSACE LORRAINE stolen from France in the war of 1870, should now be returned
        • GERMANY should be broken up altogether
      • Reparations
        • used to rebuild industry/homes & pay debts to USA
        • should be massive
        • 200 billion
      • Army
        • should be completely dismantled so that she can never threaten France again
      • War Guilt
        • Blame Germany
      • League of Nations
        • Germany should not be allowed to join at all as she is evil
        • ATTITUDE "waste of time"
        • Should be used as a way of enforcing the Treaty of Versailles
    • Lloyd George
      • "Welsh Wizard", pragmatic, aims to rebuild G as trading partner, demands "just and lasting peace"
      • Country's condition
        • 1 million killed
        • public demands HANG THE KAISER
      • Territory
        • COLONIES should be divided between the winners
        • SHOULD GO TO THE WINNERS
        • Germany should not be smashed into pieces - needs to recover as a trading partner
      • Reparations
        • used to pay way pensions and pay debts to USA
        • should be reasonable, to allow Germany to recover as a trading partner
      • Army
        • should be reduced, but not to the extent that she is unable to defend herself against France
        • her navy should never threaten the British Empire again
      • War Guilt
        • Blame Germany
      • League of Nations
        • Good way of preserving peace
        • Germany can join when proven to be peace-loving
        • ATTITUDE "indifferent"
    • Wilson
      • "Good man from the New World", idealistic, aims to create a new World Order based on "14 Points"
      • Country's condition
        • only joined the war in 1916
        • public demands ISOLATIONISM
      • Territory
        • this vote is called a PLEBISCITE
        • Should vote in its own future SELF DETERMINATION
        • COLONIES should become MANDATES - i.e. supervised by winners, but under League of Nations control
      • Reparations
        • should be minimal, so that Germany would not want revene & France and Germany stay indebted to USA?
        • 22 billion
      • Army
        • this is the only way to preserve world peace and avoid another arms race
        • should be dismantled by all countries
      • War Guilt
        • Blame Germany
      • League of Nations
        • ATTITUDE "obsessed"
        • Point 14
        • Germany can join when proven to be peace-loving
        • First thing to be set up under the TOV
    • ACTUAL TERMS OF THE TREATY
      • Army
        • AIRFORCE dismantled
        • NAVY limited to six warships
        • TANKS and SUBMARINES banned
        • CONSCRIPTION banned
        • ARMY limited to 100,00 men
      • Territory
        • ALSACE-LORRAINE: (which had 75% of Germany's iron resources) to France
        • WEST PRUSSIA: given to Poland so that she could gain access to the sea (the "POLISH CORRIDOR") -splits Germany in two
        • THE SAAR: handed over to LON for 15, France to run its coal mines
        • COLONIAL EMPIRE: shared among winners
      • Reparations
        • Actual sum not fixed at Versailles; Germany signed a "black cheque" (settled at 6,600 million in 1921)
      • War Guilt
        • Under ARTICLE 231 Germany was held wholly to blame for the war
      • League of Nations
        • the first issue dealt with at the conference
        • hoped it could settle international disputes in a civilised fashion
        • seen by Wilson as best means of getting friendship between nations
  • Clemenceau
    • "The TIger" vengeful, aims to crush Germany (invaded F twice in 50 yrs)
    • Country's condition
      • 750,00 homes destroyed
      • 1.5 million killed
      • public demands REVENGE
    • Territory
      • SHOULD GO TO THE WINNERS
      • COLONIES should be divided between the winners
      • SAAR rich in coal and iron, should go to France for industrial reconstruction
      • RHINELAND should become an independent state
      • ALSACE LORRAINE stolen from France in the war of 1870, should now be returned
      • GERMANY should be broken up altogether
    • Reparations
      • used to rebuild industry/homes & pay debts to USA
      • should be massive
      • 200 billion
    • Army
      • should be completely dismantled so that she can never threaten France again
    • War Guilt
      • Blame Germany
    • League of Nations
      • Germany should not be allowed to join at all as she is evil
      • ATTITUDE "waste of time"
      • Should be used as a way of enforcing the Treaty of Versailles
  • only joined the war in 1916
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