Treatments of mood disorders

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  • Created by: hansolo
  • Created on: 29-12-14 11:15
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  • Treatments of Mood disorders
    • A01
      • Biological- drug therapy, antidepressants have become more widely used owing to the development of new drugs and their usefulness
      • CBT- is directive and focuses on current dysfunctional thinking patterns. They make a list of things the client finds enjoyable and deal with an obstacles, get client to engage in more demanding but rewarding activities, client thought to notice associations between thoughts and feelings
      • Elkin et al(1985)-investigated the efficacy of different treatments  (DEVELOP ENOUGH FOR 2 MARKS)
        • 250 patients- 4 condition(cognitive behavioural therapy, interpersonal therapy, drug therapy and placebo group) 18 month follow-up(longitudinal)
          • Patients responded equally as well to the active treatments, although the severely depressed initially fared better with medication. 36% recovery for CBT, higher than the placebo group but similar to other treatments
            • Evidence that CBT is at least as effective as medication and has no side effects. Psychotherapy appears to have a long term advantage over medication
    • A02
      • Bio drugs- 3 classes of antidepressants help reduce depression but many side effects
      • +CBT and Bio Drugs- highly effective and commonly used (Elkin supports)
      • -CBT- not useful for manic phases of bipolar as they need a sense of reality
      • -Bio drugs- take a long time to work and someone severely depressed may find it hard to wait
      • Elkin study-  +longitudinal study +control   group   +large sample size(generalisable) -placebo research unethical

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