- convicts were sent to America until the 1770s because of the American Revolution
- Started in the 1610s
- Transportation to Australia: 1788–1868
- some chose death over transportation
- women were burned at the stake
- men were hung
- some stayed in Australia
- sentences were for 7,11,14 years or life
- wanted to avoid death penalty
- Over 162,000 British and Irish convicts were transported
- Over the years, about 160,000 people were sent there: men, women and children, sometimes as young as nine years old.
- were transported to America at first
- was too expensive
- Australia didn't want 'criminals'
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