Transport in the Early Modern Period I

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  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 20-05-18 12:54
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  • Transport in the Early Modern Period I
    • The myths concerning roads
      • Celia Fiennes' travel memories written in 18th C
        • Painted roads as primitive grassy tracks would could be easily flooded
        • Influenced historians such as Webbs, Crofts and C. H. Wilson
        • Led to erroneous beliefs concerning inland trade being affected as well as risks of drowning on roads when flooding occurred
    • Turnpike Acts
      • The first Turnpike Act was passed in 1663 and 1750 almost all thirteen major roads out of London had been Turnpiked
      • Map by J. Cary, published in 1790
        • Map shows general plan of Turnpike gates around London
        • Within London itself there were 16 Turnpike gates
        • Seems likely they were there due to heavy congestion experienced within London itself
      • A Turnpike gate was there to charge a fee for use of the road, like modern toll roads
    • Carriages
      • Generally, it can be said there was an increase in public scheduled carrying services between London and provinces between 1637 and 1715
      • Chatres
        • Identifies that determining precise figures is difficult and some surveys are flawed
      • Professor Bagwell
        • More recent figures
        • Give an increase of 'carrier services' between London and Southwark inns per week
          • 1680
            • 322
          • 1790
            • 353
          • increase of 31 in just over a century would suggest small increase of 'carrier services'
          • 1823
            • carriers increased to 735
              • suggest increases occurred more rapidly at end of period
        • Other areas show signs of steady increase
          • E.g. carriage services between Essex and London per week increased gradually between 1637 and 1715
            • 1647:
              • 17
            • 1681
              • 34
            • 1715
              • 39.04
        • Connections between London and North less in demand
          • Land carriages between London and Yorkshire per week
            • 1637
              • 9.25
            • 1681
              • 6.33
            • 1715
              • 7.33
          • There were little increase in Regional Shares of London Carrying Services responsible for carrying goods to London
    • The growing effects of carrying services on industry
      • London became centre for trading with other regions around country
        • e.g. London would likely have traded imports, processed goods and luxuries for agricultural and horticultural products from regions such as Northern Home Counties and South East
          • these regions likely saw most trade because they were located closest to London

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