Trait theory

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  • Trait Theories
    • Myers-Briggs inventory (1962)- 16 types
      • Mix of extrovert/introvert, thinker/feeler, judger/perceiver and sensor/intuitive
    • 1. Eysenck's personality theory (1952 on)
      • found answers linked naturally with each other
      • hierarchical structure
      • between unstable, extraverted, stable and introverted
      • later added psychoticism
    • 2. Paul Costa Jr. & Robert McCrae
      • the Five Factor Model (OCEAN)
        • Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism
      • Later developed the NEO PI, then NEO PI-R
        • Neuroticism,extraversion, openness,agreeableness, conscientiousness
    • 3. Lewis Goldberg
      • 'Big Five'
        • can be different from language to language, culture to culture (Emic approach)
        • For English:   Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability, Intellect (instead of openness!)
      • His hypothesis
        • Seeks universal dimensions
    • Over all
      • 3 factors being found repeatedly
        • Extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness
  • 'Big Five'
    • can be different from language to language, culture to culture (Emic approach)
    • For English:   Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability, Intellect (instead of openness!)

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