Tourism-1

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  • Created by: Harry
  • Created on: 05-12-12 17:59
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  • Tourism
    • The Butler Model
      • 3: Development
        • Dramatic rise in numbers in short time period, Hotels built to deal with numbers
      • 2: Involvement
        • Tourist numbers begin to grow, locals provide tourist needs (opportunities)
      • 4: Consolidation
        • Tourism is now a major part of the economy, Numbers of tourists level due to older, less attractive attractions
      • 1: Exploration
        • Small numbers of tourists are attracted, Few tourist attractions and the destination is being discovered
      • 5: Stagnation
        • Tourist numbers dramatically level off, Visitors start to decline, Businesses change hands and fold
          • This is due to: Environmental degradation, Overcrowding,Economic issues, Unfashionable, Political and Civil Unrest, Natural Disasters
        • What happens after?
          • Rejuvenation
            • Attempts are made to modernise the resort and attract different people to enjoy new activities. Numbers grow
          • Slower decline
            • Tourist numbers start to decline as visitors begin to prefer other resorts
          • Major Decline
            • Tourist numbers decline rapidly over a short time period
      • What happens after?
        • Rejuvenation
          • Attempts are made to modernise the resort and attract different people to enjoy new activities. Numbers grow
        • Slower decline
          • Tourist numbers start to decline as visitors begin to prefer other resorts
        • Major Decline
          • Tourist numbers decline rapidly over a short time period
    • Sustainable Tourism
      • Stewardship: The personal responsibility for looking after things, in this case the environment.
        • "TAKE ONLY PHOTOS. LEAVE ONLY FOOTPRINTS"
      • Conservation: the careful and planned use of resources in order to manage and maintain the natural environment
      • CASE STUDY: THE GALAPAGOS ISLANDS
        • Tourist numbers are limited, taken on small ships of 10 to 16 people
          • Pay £25 to The Galapagos Conservation Trust
        • Guides are usually locals
        • 90% is National Park and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979
        • Benefits
          • Economic
            • Local people can start businesses in order to provide the needs of the tourists
            • Benefits individuals as people are employed in guest houses or as guides etc so they can earn income for their family
          • Environmental
            • Local People Make a Living despite the limitations for agriculture etc
    • General facts about the Growth of Toursim
      • World's Largest Industry- worth over $500 billion
      • Largest producer of jobs and income
      • Leisure accounts for 75% of global travel
      • Caribbean countries get 50% of GDP from tourism
      • For 83% of countries: tourism is in the top 5% of foreign exchange
      • France has highest tourism numbers yet USA earns the most from tourism
      • 50% of Caribbean visitors come from USA, Canada, France and UK
    • Factors Affecting Growth
      • World War II : Soldiers wanted to revisit countries
        • Public Airways didn't exist, People less likely to travel to Europe and around world due to danger during wartime, Tourism increased after war due to history, Drive in Technology advancements increased tourism.
      • Women going to work: More income for families-increase tourism, Disposable income allows families to travel-GROWTH!
      • Technology Improvements:Advertising, Efficient transport, INTERNET, Quick, cheap and easy to book
      • 9/11: Prices raise-less people likely to travel by plane, Domestic tourism increases-prices go down, People frightened to travel by aircraft, Tourism under threat, LONG TERM- History and museums present in places such as NYC
      • Cheap Air Travel: Travel prices mean more people can travel, Poorer families can afford to go abroad, People can travel further
      • Package Holidays: Encourages Mass Tourism, Attracts more people to go on holiday due to everything paid inclusively, Reasonably Cheap, Easier to Advertise, Easier to organise, Convenient
      • Recession: Domestic tourism increase, Less money to spend, People want to save money, "Staycations", International Tourism decreases

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