Tourism case studies

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  • Tourism
    • Butler model (Margate)
      • Stage 1: people arrived in 1800. Stage 2 and 3: steam boat from London made it easy to get there and in 1846 a railway from London was built. Stage 4: Margate was the first resort to have donkey rides- 1890- and deck chairs- 1898. There were also arcades and the Lido.
        • Stage 5: Dreamland was built in 1870's. Margate remained popular until the 1960's. Stage 6: 1970's onwards, fewer tourists arrived as it was cheaper to go abroad. a storm in 1978 destroyed the pier and Lido. 2003 fire destroyed Dreamland. By 2009, 40% of shops closed, because of global economic crisis.
          • Stage 6: plans to redesign Dreamland as a Victorian theme park. Turner art gallery opened in 2011 and cost £17 million- looks new and modern.
    • National park (Lake District)
      • Impacts: (advantages) tourism employs 20,000 people. Visitors spend more than £600 million per year- £80 each. Keeps services busy. (Disadvantages) tourist cars and coaches cause traffic. Footpaths are worn away. Many jobs are seasonal. 15% of homes are second homes.
        • Management- could charge vehicles to enter. Limit visitor numbers. Repair worn-out footpaths. Build bypasses around congested towns. Improve public transport.
    • Mass tourism (Jamaica)
      • Negative impacts: coral reefs have been damaged. Clearing mangroves has led to beach erosion. Taxi minibus from the airport emits exhaust gases and add to the noise level and traffic congestion.
      • Positive impacts: national park nature reserve has been established to help preserve sea life that tourists want to see. Hotels are low-rise to limit their visual impact.
      • Jamaican government's master plan: involve local people more. Community tourism. Responsible tourism. Educate tourists and locals about how to avoid negative impacts.
    • Extreme environments (Antarctica)
      • Why visit Antarctica: it is centred around the South Pole and surrounded by the Antarctic ocean. It is an area of 5 million square miles. the temperature is generally below freezing.
      • What tourists do: climb rocks and ice faces. Visit scientific research stations. Hike. Scuba dive under the ice. Kayak.
      • The treaty of Antarctica: this has been in force since 1961. nearly 50 countries are signed up to protect Antarctica from mining, drilling for oil, pollution and war. From 2011, ships aren't allowed to use heavy fuel oil. From 3013, the new polar code will limit the number and size of ships visiting Antarctica.
      • Damage caused by tourists: noise disturbs animals. Abandonded metal oil drums at research station. Wrecked ships leak oil.
    • Ecotourism (Yachana ecolodge)
      • Economic impacts: local people are mostly employed and local food is bought.
      • Social impacts: money can be spent on education and healthcare. Change peoples traditional lives.
      • Environmental impacts: tourism that protects the environment by travelling in small groups and consuming less resources. All waste is recycled causing less pollution.
      • About the Yachana ecolodge: next to the Napo river. It is set in its own, protected area of the rainforest. Food served is locally grown food. Staff are local and have jobs in the kitchen, dining room, garden and bedroom.
        • They offer activities that cause as little harm as possible. Theses activities help tourists to better understand the environment and the lives of local people. These include: hiking, bird watching, swimming, canoeing, photography and taking part in a traditional ceremony.


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