TOURISM


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  • TOURISM
    • WHAT IS TOURISM?
      • a tertiary (service) industry
        • provides leisure for some people and jobs for others
      • the short-term movement of people to places away from where they live and work, normally for pleasure but also for business
    • THE GROWTH OF TOURISM
      • the largest and fastest growing industry in the world
        • however it is still a very volatile industry
      • 10% of the world works in tourism
    • DEMAND FACTORS
      • increased amount of disposable income
      • jobs provide paid holidays
      • shorter working week
      • easier to travel
        • better transport
        • increased car ownership
        • improved airports/ regional airports
      • growth of cheaper package holidays (1950s)
      • early retirement and longer life expectancy
      • better transport
    • SUPPLY FACTORS
      • attractive climates
        • snow for skiing
        • warm/ hot temperatures with little rain
      • culture
        • buildings, museums, art galleries, festivals etc
      • special festivals or sporting events
      • ecotourism
    • POSITIVE IMPACTS OF TOURISM IN MEDCs
      • increased income to the area
      • provides jobs in services and allows businesses to thrive
      • roads and railways maintained
      • opportunity to educate people
      • local people can use tourist facilities
    • NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF TOURISM IN MEDCs
      • traffic causes congestion
      • footpaths eroded
      • honeypots become overcrowded
      • houses prices rise due to second home ownership
    • GROWTH OF TOURISM IN LEDCs
      • tourism is a way of improving economies and quality of life
      • reasons for growth
        • governments build airports
        • costs are lower so holidays are cheaper
        • traditional holidays (e.g. Benidorm) have become crowded with noise, pollution and high cost
        • cheaper long haul flights
    • POSITIVE IMPACTS OF TOURISM IN LEDCs
      • tourists spend money which goes into the country's economy
        • money can be used to develop the country
          • reduces the development gap
          • positive multiplier effect
      • hotels, shops, transport etc. provide jobs
      • tourists can be taught about local customs
    • NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF TOURISM IN LEDCs
      • poorly planned development means it becom euncotrolled
      • fisherman become displaced by coastal development
      • local culture 'ignored'
      • crime, prostitution and drug use increases
      • jobs created are poorly paying
      • valuable resources (e.g. water, electricity) are diverted for tourism use

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