Tourism

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  • Tourism
    • Global Increase
      • 1) more disposable income
      • 2) companies give more paid holidays
      • 3) travel is now cheaper
      • 4) companies use the internet to sell holidays
      • More Popular?
        • 1) improvements in transport
        • 2) unusual tourist destinations
        • 3) better infrastructure (hotels) more attractive
    • Popular Tourist Areas
      • Cities - culture, entertainment, shopping - New York, Paris, Rome
      • Coastal - beaches, activities, waterskiing - Spain, Caribbean, Thailand
      • Mountains - scenery, walking, climbing, skiing - Alps, Dolomites, Rockies
    • Important for the Economies
      • 1) creates jobs for locals
      • 2) increases income  and supplys the tourism industry
      • France - 35 million Euros in 2006 - 2 million jobs
      • 3) poor countries - more dependent on tourism
    • UK Economy
      • 1) 32 billion overseas visitors - 2008
      • 2) countryside - historic landmarks
      • 3) London - museums, theatres, shopping
      • 4) 2007 - £114 billion, employed 1.4 million people
    • Factors Affect Number of Tourists
      • Bad weather
      • world economy - recession
      • exchange rate
      • terrorism and conflict
      • major events
    • Butler Model
      • 1) Exploration
      • 2) Involvement
      • 3) Developent
      • 4) Consolidation
      • 5) Stagnation
      • 6) Rejuvination or Decline
    • The Lake District
      • 15 million per year
      • Scenery - Large lakes (Windermere)
      • activities - walking, rock climbing, bird watching
      • cultural attractions - Beatrix Potter
    • Stratagies to Cope with the Impact of Tourism
      • Extra traffic - public transport
      • erosion of footpaths - use less vunerable areas (rest)
      • protecting wildlife & farmland - take litter home
    • Attracting Tourists
      • public transport improved
      • widespread advertising
      • farms - activities (quad biking)
      • timeshare developments (sharing properties)
      • encourage tourism outside the lake district
    • Positive & Negatice Impacts of Tourism
      • Social
        • Positive
          • the culture of the native maasai tribe are preserved - dancing for tourists
        • Negative
          • some maasai tribes people were forced off their land for national parks
            • some muslims and offended by the way female tourists dress
      • Economic
        • Positive
          • 15% of Kenya's GNP
            • 2003 - 219000 people worked in tourist industry
        • Negative
          • only 15% of money goes to locals
      • Environmental
        • Positive
          • 23 national parks in Kenya
            • tourists then pay entry fees to get in
        • Negative
          • safari vehicles have caused soil erosion ruining vegetation
            • wild animals have been affected - avoiding crowds
              • coral reefs have been damaged by anchoring boats
    • Reduce the Negative impacts
      • 1) walking or horse riding over vehicle safaris
        • 2) alternative activites that are less damaging
    • Maintaining Tourism
      • Kenya's tourist board - advertising campaign
        • visa fees were cut by 50% in 2009 - cheaper to visit
    • Kenya
      • east africa - 700000 visitors/year
      • the big 5 - safaris
      • warm climate - sun  all year round
      • beautiful scenery

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