Tourism-2

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  • Created by: Harry
  • Created on: 05-12-12 19:15
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  • Tourism
    • Extreme Tourism
      • Locations with particularly difficult environments where the development of tourism has only recently happened due to a niche market demand for somewhere different with physical challenges
        • Mountain ranges, Deserts, Rainforests, Caves, and Ice covered terrain
        • For adrenaline rush, risk taking, adventure etc
      • CASE STUDY-ANTARTICA
        • Attractions include:
          • New extreme physical landscapes, Extreme physical challenges, Extreme sport, Helicopter flights, Extreme Weather, Trekking, Cruises
        • Majority of Tourists come from the USA followed by the UK (all from MEDCs)
        • Issues of tourism in Antartica include:
          • Damage to habitats of wildlife
          • Disturbing penguins and seals (may leave eggs or young)
          • Oil spills are a threat to life
          • Fragile Ecosystems disturbed
        • Facts: 100 tourist companies involved, 38.9% of visitors American in 2006, 46 000 visitors in 2007-2008
        • Managing Tourism in Antartica
          • Ships are not allowed to dump anything over an imaginery line
          • No ship carrying over 500 passengers can land
          • Sites os Specific Interest are banned from tourists
          • Zoning in Antartica and surrounding areas
          • Waste and food must stay on ships
          • Tour operators have to be members of the IAATO (International Assocation of Antarctica Tour Operators)
    • Tourist Attractions
      • Natural
        • Waterfalls, Mountains, Caves, Rainforests etc
      • Man-made
        • CASE STUDY:ITALY
          • Natural
            • Waterfalls, Mountains, Caves, Rainforests etc
          • Variety of Landscapes and Climates
          • Variety of Activites and attractions
            • Variety of Landscapes and Climates
          • Alps, Beaches, Venice, Rome, Vernazza etc
        • Cathedrals, Museums, Monuments, Culture, Food, Language, Art etc
      • CASE STUDY:ITALY
        • Variety of Activites and attractions
          • Alps, Beaches, Venice, Rome, Vernazza etc
      • Importance of Tourism World Wide
        • Important part of economies worldwide
        • Countries rely on tourism as a major source of income
        • Countries take advantage of growing tourist numbers and the money they have to spend
        • CASE STUDY: DUBAI
          • Attractions include: Shopping malls, water parks, beaches, the desert, dry warm climate, Burj Al'Arab, Burj Khalifa, Race Track, Fish Market, Rugby 7's, Luxerious Hotels
          • Variety of activities with a warm climate
            • Attractions include: Shopping malls, water parks, beaches, the desert, dry warm climate, Burj Al'Arab, Burj Khalifa, Race Track, Fish Market, Rugby 7's, Luxerious Hotels
          • Emirates Airlines carries millions of long haul passengers which stop in Dubai
          • Number of people visiting Dubai is ever increasing and are predicted to grow more
      • Mass Tourism
        • Advantages
          • Employment rises, New Improved Infrastructure, Construction and New Leisure Facilities Open
        • Disadvantages
          • Seasonal Activity is possible, Large Travel Companies Sell Package Holidays (lower and middle class)
          • Few locals are well paid. Higher tier jobs given to those from companies. New developments need land. Investing companies are from elsewhere- Profits do not go into the economy
          • Tourists do not try local food, so much food is imported. Local people may not be able to afford new facilities, DILUTION OF LOCAL CULTURE
        • CASE STUDY: JAMAICA
          • One of the Caribbean's main tourist destinations
            • 220 000 Jamaicans work directly in Tourism sector
          • Second largest earner in country
          • Large variety of attractions
          • Families provide B+B accomodation to allow families to have a greater interaction with culture
        • Tourism on a large scale to one country or region.
          • This equates to the Development and Consolidation phases of the Butler Tourist Resort Life-Cycle Model

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