Topic one: Political framework 1959-1964

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  • Topic one: Political framework 1959-1964
    • Post war prosperity
      • The last ration book was thrown away in 1954 and this was a catalyst for the beginning of a more consumerist society.
        • Increase in trade: 1946-60 went from -59 to +132... There was also an increase in invisible trade (services)
      • Economic growth allowed greater wages and the increasing job rates proved, "most have never had it so good.
        • However: increasing rates of wages outstripped that of production = inflation 'bicycling on a tightrope'
          • Pessimists: created selfishness and a society based on profit rather than community (Vivian Nicleson)... "is it too good to last?"
            • Although Britain's industrial production was high it was only 123 in 1957 compared to that of the USA and France which were nearly at 200
    • 1959 Election results: The conservative part won by an increase of 20 and a total shared votes of 48.8% but the election was very close, they won by a majority of 4 seats
      • The significance: This was the third conservative victory. the labour parties leader Hugh gaitskell who said he would raise pensions without increasing tax
        • Mark Adams research: macmillan = strong leader, labour= identified as a group for the working class (40% of mannual workers considered themselves middle class) and most agreed with the nationalisation of electricity, gas and airlines
    • The establishment: small but powerful group belonging to the middle class and govern Britain such as politicians and judges
      • Old school tie newwork
      • Attack of the establishment: Angry young me- this refers to writers who rebelled against traditional theatre and literature. such as john osborn's play 'look back in anger'
        • The second attack was as a result of increasing media: satire TV shows like that was the week that was mocked the establishment that were once respected
          • The Profumo affair: the scandal yellowed the reputation of the establishment. It revealed the powerful lied and cheated. after this they could no longer hide from journalists.

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