• Created by: chinwe
  • Created on: 14-04-15 18:37
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  • Topic 1- Couples
    • The domestic division of labour
      • Refers to the roles that men and women play in relation to housework, childcare, and paid work
      • Parsons: Instrumental and expressive roles
        • In Talcott Parson(1955) functionalist  model of the family there is a clear division of labour between spouses
        • The husband has an instrumental role. He is the breadwinner.
        • The wife has an expressive role. The caring, nurturing role.
        • Claims that the division of labour is beneficial for both men an women, children and wider society.
      • Joint and segregated roles
        • Elizabeth Bott(1975) Distinguished between two types of conjugal roles; That is, roles within the family
          • Segregated conjugal roles, where the couple have separate roles
          • Joint conjugal roles, where the couples share tasks, such as housework and childcare.
      • The symmetrical family
        • Young and Willmott(1973) take a 'march of progress' view of the history of the family
          • Young and Willmott see the rise of the symmetrical nuclearfamily as the result of major social changes over the past century
            • Changes in women's position- including married women going out to work
            • Geographical mobility- More couples living away from the communities in which they grew up
            • New technology and labour-saving devices
            • Higher standards of living
      • A feminist view of housework
        • Feminist sociologists reject this 'march of progresss' view.
        • Oakley: Rise of the housewife role
          • Ann Oakley(1974) criticises Young and Willmotts view that the family is now symmetrical
          • Rather than seeing a march of progress towards symmetry, Oakley describes how the housewife role has become the dominant role for married women
    • The Impact of paid work
      • Gershuny: The trend towards equality
        • Gershuny 91994) found that wives who worked full-time did less domestic work
          • Argues that social values are gradually adapting to the fact that women are now working full time
        • Rosemary Crompton (1997) accepts Gershunys evidence. She explains the trend in terms of economic factors rather than changing values or role models
      • The commercialisation of housework
        • Silevr(1987) and schor(1993) stress the importance of two major economic developments reducing he burden of housework on women
          • Housework has become more commercialised
          • Women working means that they can afford to buy these goods and services
      • Emotion work
        • Emotion work describes work whose main features is management of ones won and other peoples emotions
          • Hoschild(1983) Used the term to describe  jobs such as airline stewardness
      • The Dual burden
        • Feminists argue that women have simply taken a dual burden of both paid work and unpaid housework
        • Ferri and smith(19960 Found that increased employment of women outside the home has had little impact on the domestic division of labour
      • Lesbian couples and gender scripts


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