Top-down approach to offender profiling

  • Created by: Georgia
  • Created on: 10-06-19 09:09
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  • The top-down approach
    • Decision-making tools
      • 1) Murder type (isolated or mass)
      • 2) Primary intent (deliberate, pre-meditated or not)
      • 3) Victim risk (vulnerability)
      • 4) Offender risk (risk taken when committing crime)
      • 5) Escalation (pre-empt future crimes)
      • 6) Time factors (identify routine of offender)
      • 7) Location factors
    • Typology
      • Organised
        • Highly intelligent, socially competent, aggressive
        • Carefully planned crime with successful cover-up of weapon/ victim
      • Disorganised
        • Low intelligence, socially and sexually inept
        • Messy crime scene with lots of forensic evidence
    • Case study (Arthur Shawcross)
      • Profile created was majorly correct, only age was incorrect
      • Predicted he would return to the body, able to arrest him then
        • Demonstrates effectiveness of top-down
    • Evaluation
      • Universal as been adopted by many foreign law enforcement agencies
      • Reductionist as only categorises criminals in two ways
      • Allows police to predict next actions
      • Restricted applicability as only used in murder and **** offences


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