To what extent was Edward IV responsible for the loss and regaining of his throne?

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  • To what extent was Edward IV responsible for the loss and regaining of his throne?
    • Regaining
      • Edward is an excellent military leader
        • Barnet - Moving soldiers at night to avoid Warwick's artillery
        • Tewkesbury Campaign 1471 skilfully executed- death of Prince Edward, Lancs fled
      • Skilful strategy when returned
        • Pretends he does not want his lands back
        • Not stopped by Northumberland
      • Lancastrian splits - Warwick distrusted
        • Margaret would not trust him with Prince Edward
        • Somerset believed they were better off without him
      • Warwick losing support
        • Committed to an unpopular war with Burgundy
          • Burgundy now actively support Edward
            • Charles of Burgundy
              • Without aid, Edward would have remained in exile
              • £20,000 and 36 ships
              • Not a big invasion but it was a start
        • Tax increases
          • Committed to an unpopular war with Burgundy
            • Burgundy now actively support Edward
              • Charles of Burgundy
                • Without aid, Edward would have remained in exile
                • £20,000 and 36 ships
                • Not a big invasion but it was a start
      • Defection of Clarence
        • Tips the power balance
        • Fed up with Warwick as he is not King yet. "Suspected and despised by all" - Arrival
      • London
        • Attack on London by the Bastard of Fauconberge came too late
        • Allowed Edward in - control centre
        • Allows control of Henry VI - brutally murdered
    • Losing
      • Antagonising Warwick
        • Marriage with Elizabeth Woodville
        • Warkworth pinpoints this as the moment Warwick started plotting against Edward
      • Snubbing of the French Ambassadors
        • "minimum of gifts" - Carpenter
        • Waurin
      • Lack of popular support
        • 1469 and 1470 resentment against taxation (Carpenter)
        • Failure of law and order
        • Edward only really mastered finance
        • Woodvilles unpopular
          • Lord Rivers had estates in Kent trashed
      • Antagonism of France
        • Threatened invasion of France 1468
        • "His Majesty supplies him with men and ships, nothing being omitted to render him victorious" - Milanese Ambassador
        • Louis XI backs Warwick
          • Would have remained exile
      • Antagonism of Montagu
        • took away Earldom of Northumberland
        • replaced with "magpie's nest" - Warkworth
      • Warwick unreasonable
        • "excessively greedy"
        • Still politically important - decision to seize hanseatic ships
        • Master of Varlet
        • Manipulation of Clarence
      • Louis XI
        • "nothing being omitted to render him victorious" Milanese Ambassador
      • Montagu treacherous

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