To what extent was social policy sucsessful in providing social stability in the years 1953-85?

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  • To what extent was social policy sucsessful in providing social stability in the years 1953-1985?
    • Social provisons
      • Farmers were given pensions
      • Sverdlovsk (1969) and Gorki (1980) strikes over food shortages
      • 1966 attempt to assassinate Brezhnev and 1977 bomb in Moscow train
      • 'Krushchovyka' - 10x that Kommunalka with electricity and plumbing so people could have privacy again
      • Instability in leadership - Andropov 1982 and Cherenkov 1984
    • Education
      • 99% of urban and rural population literate by 1959 - a contrast to pre-1917 where 65% were illiterate
      • Polytechnic education re-emerged under Khrushchev in 1956 - set the foundations of Industry by allowing people to develop skills to work in urban areas rather than being trapped in rural areas
      • Elevated those who were limited to higher positions: 1/3 of population in some form of higher education by early 1980's/ 70% medical doctors in 1985
    • Employment
      • Constitution of 1977 full employment
      • 1940-80 increase in alcohol consumption by 600% and 2 million alcoholics by 1987
      • 1976 Workers strike in Poland
      • 1985 May - Anti-Alcohol campaighn

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