Dams in LEDCs

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  • DAMs in LEDCs
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      • The Marunda Project, Jakarta
        • The Problems
          • Rapidly growing population.
          • Water companies lack the resources needed to supply safe and clean water to everyone.
          • A large proportion of the population are drinking contaminated water and are vulnerable to disease.
          • Salt water is also contaminating groundwater, which is making the problem worse.
          • Marunda is a shanty town so living standards are already low.
            • People lack basic services such as water supply, sanitation and electricity.
            • People there have a poor standard of living and a low quality of life.
            • Conditions are crowded and disease spreads easily, contributing to low life expectancy and high infant mortality rates.
        • The Solutions
          • The Jakarta city authorities tried to invest in basic services but there was a lack of funding.
            • In 1999, Thames Water began a £60,000 project to bring piped water to Marunda. The project involved local people from the early stages to ensure that their needs would be met appropriately and that the project was sustainable.
        • How successful was it?
          • By the year 2000, over 1600 homes in Marunda had piped water.
          • Water can now be obtained more cheaply, allowing money to be spent on food, clothes and education which is vital for the country's long-term prospects.
          • There have also been health benefits because the risk of disease from contaminated water has been reduced.
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