New crimes in EM England

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Three reasons why vagrancy became a crime in Early modern England
    • Vagabondage/Vagrancy
      • Was an unemployed, homeless person. Late 15th and 16th century saw a huge surge in the number of vagrants due to:
        • increase in population
        • Falling wages
        • No system to help the needy
      • Resented and feared by settled population
        • Resorted to thieving/ begging or charity in order to survive- made them hated as viewed as lazy
      • Resorted to thieving/ begging or charity in order to survive- made them hated as viewed as lazy
    • 1547 Vagrancy Act
      • The able bodied without work for more than 3 days were branded with "v" and sold as slave for 2 years
      • 1597 Act of relief for the poor
        • Split vagrants into two categories,"deserving poor and "non deserving"
        • 1601 Poor Laws
          • the deserving poor were given poor relief by local parish; the undeserving could be branded, whipped or sent to a correction house
      • 1494 Vagabonds and beggars Act
        • Put in stocks for 3 days and nights, then sent back to their respective places
    • Smuggling
      • Import tax on items such as brandy and tea, introduced in the 17th Century, crime of smuggling increased dramatically. Was a social crime as people wanted bargains
    • Witchcraft
      • had been a minor crime in the medieval time dealt by church courts
        • In 1542, Henry VIII made it a capital crime
        • James I instructed death to people who "summoned evil spirits"

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Crime and punishment through time (OCR History A) resources »