Thomas Cromwell

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  • Thomas Cromwell: Revolution in Government
    • Structure and Organisation of Government
      • Personal style of government where the Monarch took great responsibility (household government)
        • Royal Council with 50-90 councillors, who where chosen because of their prestige
        • Finance was handled in the chambers, close to the king
        • New systems were created to make finance more efficient: Court of Augmentation and the Court of First Fruit and Tenths
          • A new, formal and smaller Privy Council was created. Elite group of around 20 based on skill
            • However, it can be argued that this was created in reaction to the Pilgrimage of Grace, or the rising power of factions
              • Also, Wolsey created something similar in the Eltham Ordinances
          • Government by the King to Government under the King
            • A new, formal and smaller Privy Council was created. Elite group of around 20 based on skill
              • However, it can be argued that this was created in reaction to the Pilgrimage of Grace, or the rising power of factions
                • Also, Wolsey created something similar in the Eltham Ordinances
          • Structure and Organisation of Government
            • Personal style of government where the Monarch took great responsibility (household government)
              • Royal Council with 50-90 councillors, who where chosen because of their prestige
              • Finance was handled in the chambers, close to the king
              • New systems were created to make finance more efficient: Court of Augmentation and the Court of First Fruit and Tenths
                • Government by the King to Government under the King
      • Role and Importance of Parliament
        • Parliament was only really used to raise money and pass statue laws
          • Proclamations were used by the King to create laws without Parliament
        • The Reformation Parliament (1529-1536) were involved in an unprecedented range and quantity of laws
          • Parliament became involved in topics which they previously had not been, e.g. religion
            • However, although Parliaments status was enhanced, it had no will of its own and could only act on the Kings say so
            • Also, the reformation parliament was created because of the divorce issue, showing it wasn't a master plan of Cromwells
          • King and Parliament replaced by King in Parliament
      • Relationship between Church and State
        • The Royal Supremacy made Henry Supreme Head of the Church in England, taking the Popes power
          • The 1553 Act of Restraint of Appeals, designed to stop any appeals to Rome
            • However, all reforms are not down to Cromwell as before, the State still had a fair deal of influence in the Church
            • Church and State replaced by Church in State
          • Church and State replaced by Church in State
        • Anything involving the Church: the Pope had the last say
          • Church and State were Separate
      • Extension of Royal Authority in the Regions
        • Parts of England furthest from London ended up being semi-independent, being run by the local nobles
        • The Act of Union with Wales, legally brought Wales under the control of the King
          • The Act of Liberties and Franchises, dealt with Lords taking advantage of their power
            • Fragmented State to Unitary State
            • However, the argument that there was revolution was mainly based on his plans rather than what actually happened
              • The crown was still very dependant on JP's
          • Fragmented State to Unitary State

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