Thomas Hobbes

  • Created by: Xanthe
  • Created on: 09-04-19 11:37
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  • Thomas Hobbes
    • 1588-1679
    • one of England's most important political thinkers
    • also linked with the liberal principle of government by consent and the philosophical artefact of a 'state of nature'
      • State of nature used to a different effect by John Locke
    • Leviathan 1651
      • sceptical view of human nature
    • Life would be 'solitary, nasty, brutish and short'
    • 'natural chaos' stemmed from the absence of any formal authority, which could enforce an unquestioned code of right and wrong
      • In its absence, Hobbes noted, mankind in the state of nature was left to form his own version of acceptable conduct
      • Because each man's version of right and wrong were likely to be different, this would lead only to uncertainty and war
    • The State
      • to accomplish its side it would have to be autocratic
      • dispersed power would lead to the same conflicts present in the state of nature

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