Theory - feminism

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  • Theory - feminism
    • liberal fem
      • BB
        • all hum rights should be equal
          • women = work alongside men
            • laws & policies ag sex discrim can secure eq opps for women
              • want cultural change & end stereo ideas
      • Sex & Gender
        • sex = bio differences (fixed)
        • gender = culturally const diff's - taught via socialisation - passed on f/ gens - sexist attributes = soc const
        • need to change socialisation patterns
          • gender eq - promote role models in ed - challenge media rep of women
      • soc change
        • change in socialisation => gradually g=changing atts in soc
        • political action => to challenge discrim => progress
        • will result in 'win--win' sit - men = step away f/ constriciting notions of masc & express nurturing side
      • EVAL
        • over-optimistic - men don't change - too deep rooted
        • causes of women's sub & rev - fail to see underlying causes of women's sub
    • origins
      • soc = male som (pat) - sub of women - offer diff ideas for soc change - 18th C - argues for men & women = equal
    • Radical
      • BB
        • pat = univ - exists in all soc's - root of this lies i women as child-bearers - dep on men
        • pat = pri source of ineq & conflict
        • all men  oppress women - they all ben f/ pat in sexual services
      • The personal is political
        • pat opp = direct & personal
          • happens in public spheres (work, media) & personal sphere (fam)
            • all rels inv power - men dom women
      • social change
        • key for ending opp & changing soc
          • seperatism
            • women live apart f/ men
          • consciousness raising
            • women share experiences & see common enemy
          • political lesbianism
            • hetro rels = opp so lesb
      • EVAL
        • still vio in lesbian couples
        • abolishing pat - no expl of how this will happen
        • diff soc's - no expl why female sub varies in diff soc's - ignores class, ethn, culture etc
    • Marxist
      • BB
        • women's sub => Cap (men may ben)
        • key source as role of unpaid homemaker
      • dep within fam & funct of Cap
        • women dep on men in household
        • funct for cap = source of cheap labour - paid < & women absorb frust
      • ideo of familism
        • nuc fam = normal - false c - cont of women - overthrow Cap
      • EVAL
        • non-cap soc's = women still sub
        • unpaid dom labour - why do women do it?
        • male dom - not enough said about ways men opp women & how ben f/ unpaid labour
    • difference fem & poststructuralism
      • post-struct fem
        • concerned w/ discourses - way of seeing things
          • can be used ag women - cont - told what to do
      • prob of essentialism
        • ess = all women share same essence (exploitation)
          • fail to consider diversity of women exp
      • BB
        • women have diff experiences - e.g. class, ethn
      • EVAL
        • women have > sims than diffs i.e. pat
        • dividing women weakens power of fem mov
    • is fem still relevant today?
      • POMO - gender roles = less sig
      • eq opps - led to lib of women & higher expectations
      • changes in fam - decline of nuc fam = led to decline in pat
    • fem methodology
      • qual data - pos res - can study them
        • structured way = refl pat
      • hard fem
        • rej quant
          • want > colaborative app e.g. unstruct int - informal
      • soft fem
        • quant method - should aake it as non-sexist as poss

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