Theory of mind

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  • Theory of Mind
    • The knowledge of how someone will behave in a situation
    • Realising that others may hold false beliefs
    • False belief tasks
      • Sally Ann doll
      • 2-3 yrs say look in box
      • 4-5 yrs say look in basket
    • Baron-Cohen
      • G1 had autism
        • IQ 82
        • 20% correct
      • G2 had no disorders
        • 85% correct
      • G3 had down's syndrome
        • IQ 64
        • 80% correct
      • G2 had measured intelligence above G3 but had no theory of mind
        • Defficiency in social rather than intellectual cognition
          • Social and intellectual cognition are seperate
    • Meins et al
      • Theory of mind success related to attachment
        • Secure infants were related to better false belief understanding at 41 mths
          • Mothers treat them as distinct individuals
            • No support
            • Determinism
            • Alpha bias
            • Predjudice
    • Milligan
      • Meta analysis of 9000
      • Significant positive correlation between theory of mind and language ability
        • Determinism
    • Culture
      • Cross cultural evidence shows TOM develops at age 5

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