theories of the family

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  • Theories of the family.
    • Functionalists
      • The family performs positive functions for individuals and society.
      • Gp Murdock
        • Argues that family is a UNIVERSAL INSTITUTION that perform 4 functions.
          • 1.Stable satisfaction of the sex drive with the same partner.
          • 2.Reproduction of next generation.
          • 3.Socialisation of the young into society's shared  norms & values.
          • 4. Meeting it's members' economic needs, such as shelter and food.
      • Evaluation
        • Marxist + femenists reject his 'rose-tinted' consensus view that the family meets the needs of both wider society and all members of the family.
        • Many have criticised.
      • Funtionalists neglects conflict + exploitation. EG) -Femenists see the family as serving the needs of men & oppressing women. -Marxists argue that it meets the needs of capitalism, not family members or society as a whole.
      • Talcott Parsons
        • Believes every family in society has 2 'basic & irreducible' functions.
          • 1. Primary Socialisation of children.
          • 2. Stabilisation of adult personalitites.
        • Evaluation
          • Parsons view of the socialisation process can be criticised for being too deterministic
            • Children being pumped full of culture.
              • Personalities being moulded by adults.
    • New Right
      • They are firmly opposed to family diversity.
      • The NEW RIGHT hold the view, like functionalists, that there is only one correct or normal family type and that is the traditional nuclear family.
      • The NEW RIGHT have a conservative + anti-femenist perspective on the family.
  • Functionalists
    • The family performs positive functions for individuals and society.
    • Gp Murdock
      • Argues that family is a UNIVERSAL INSTITUTION that perform 4 functions.
        • 1.Stable satisfaction of the sex drive with the same partner.
        • 2.Reproduction of next generation.
        • 3.Socialisation of the young into society's shared  norms & values.
        • 4. Meeting it's members' economic needs, such as shelter and food.
    • Evaluation
      • Marxist + femenists reject his 'rose-tinted' consensus view that the family meets the needs of both wider society and all members of the family.
      • Many have criticised.
    • Funtionalists neglects conflict + exploitation. EG) -Femenists see the family as serving the needs of men & oppressing women. -Marxists argue that it meets the needs of capitalism, not family members or society as a whole.
    • Talcott Parsons
      • Believes every family in society has 2 'basic & irreducible' functions.
        • 1. Primary Socialisation of children.
        • 2. Stabilisation of adult personalitites.
      • Evaluation
        • Parsons view of the socialisation process can be criticised for being too deterministic
          • Children being pumped full of culture.
            • Personalities being moulded by adults.

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