Theroies on socialisation

  • Created by: jesskeayy
  • Created on: 26-04-17 11:19
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  • Theories on socialisation
    • Functionalism
      • Socialisation has positive effects on members of society
        • This is an essential process
      • PARSONS
        • Argues that socialisation is needed for society to survive, as it teaches us about appropriate behaviours
      • The formal and informal social control that socialisation offers us is needed for society to survive, as it reaffirms the idea of right and wrong
      • It helps us to recognise the shared culture of society and be a functional member of our meritocracy
    • Marxism
      • Socialisation is a negative process
        • It is simply ideological conditioning- a device which ensures that children will accept that children will accept inequality in later life
      • This form of social control is used by capitalism to keep the working class in their place through harsh punishments and demonization
      • BOURDIEU
        • Argues that socialisation involves the transmission of cultural capital from one generation to another
          • This ensures that inequality is maintained as middle class families have lots of cultural capital and the working class have little
    • Feminsm
      • The process of socialisation is negative
      • Socialisation contributes to gender inequality and reinforces gender divisions and gender stereotypes
      • Socialisation, both primary and secondary, passes on patriarchal ideology to children
        • This is reinforced throughout society through the formal and informal agencies of social control
    • Interactionism
      • Socialisation is and isn't positive
      • The agencies of socialisation have the responsibility of preparing children for adult society, this is POSITIVE
      • Socialisation involves considerable conflict but this is to be expected, as we are learning about what our society will accept and will not accept, this is POSITIVE
      • Individuals are harmed by surveillance, as this may change behaviour due to fear of sanctions and hinder out development as individuals


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