Theories of punishment

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  • Created by: Emily903
  • Created on: 28-04-16 18:19
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  • Theories of punishment
    • Retribution
      • Criminals should pay for their crimes
      • Makes criminal pay for their crimes in proportion to their crime e.g. in the past if someone killed they would be killed
      • Victims suffer so criminals should suffer as well
      • Punishes the criminal
    • Deterrence
      • Punishment should put people off committing the crime
      • If someone knows the punishment and they think it is severe they will not commit the crime
      • E.g. If people know they will be executed if they murder, they will not murder
    • Reform
      • Criminals should be taught how not to commit crimes
      • The only way to stop criminals is to reform the criminal which will make them a law abiding citizens
      • Criminals commit crimes because of the way they have been brought up and they do not know how to live a life without crime
      • Reformative punishments often involve giving the criminals education and qualifications so they can find a proper job and no longer feel the need to be criminals - rehabilitate offenders
    • Protection
      • Punishment should protect society from criminals and their activities
      • Capital punishment is good fro murderers and terrorists because they are dead and cannot continue to kill people
      • Long prison sentences are good for violent  people or persistent burglars as they are kept locked up and out of society- people's property is protected
      • Community service is good for hooligans and vandals because it keeps them off the street in their free time


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