Theories of Gender Inequality

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  • Theories of Gender Inequality
    • Functionalism
      • Parsons: Women play the expressive role, men are the breadwinners
      • Murdock: Family educate children to follow norms and values
      • Men have a greater commitment to work, therefore women loose out on promotion.
    • Marxism
      • Abbot & Wallace: Women are marginalised in the analysis of capitalism
      • Engles: The role of the family is to maintain and reproduce the labour force to support capitalism
      • The nuclear family enables men to pass on their property, they control women so they know who their heirs are
    • Liberal Feminism
      • Grafton: Teachers perpetuate the view that women will be good at certain subjects
      • Hauri & Hollingworth: There has been progress within ther family, men are doing more childcare and chores
      • Somerville: Women are better off now, they can get divorced and have better access to eductation, jobs and fertility controls
      • Oakley: Canalisation and manipulation socialises children into gender roles leading to inequality
      • Wilkinson: A 'gender quake' has occurred as the sevice sector has increased women are empowered
  • Marxism
    • Abbot & Wallace: Women are marginalised in the analysis of capitalism
    • Engles: The role of the family is to maintain and reproduce the labour force to support capitalism
    • The nuclear family enables men to pass on their property, they control women so they know who their heirs are
  • Neo-Webarianism
    • Barron & Norris: There are 2 labour markets
      • The primary labour market (job security, good pay and conditions)
      • The secondary labour market (low pay, less security, part-time or temporary)
        • Workers in the secondary market are easily replaced ans can be paid poor wages. Women are likely to be employed here as employers think they are less interested in work
    • Theories of Gender Inequality
      • Functionalism
        • Parsons: Women play the expressive role, men are the breadwinners
        • Murdock: Family educate children to follow norms and values
        • Men have a greater commitment to work, therefore women loose out on promotion.
      • Liberal Feminism
        • Grafton: Teachers perpetuate the view that women will be good at certain subjects
        • Hauri & Hollingworth: There has been progress within ther family, men are doing more childcare and chores
        • Somerville: Women are better off now, they can get divorced and have better access to eductation, jobs and fertility controls
        • Oakley: Canalisation and manipulation socialises children into gender roles leading to inequality
        • Wilkinson: A 'gender quake' has occurred as the sevice sector has increased women are empowered

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