Theories of education

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  • Created by: Kaitlyn
  • Created on: 30-04-16 09:53
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  • Theories of education
    • Marxism
      • Is a means of social control, encouraging the conformity of young people
      • Althusser
        • The reproduction of necessary technical skills
        • Reproduction of RC ideology and accepting this - false class consiousness
        • RC try to win over the WC through ideological state apparatuses such as the education system (main one in Western society)
      • Bourdieu
        • Used to legitimize social class inequalities - each social class has their own social framework called a habitus
        • People who come from MC backgrounds have more access to the culture of the dominant class - cultural capita
      • Illich and Freire
        • Schools are repressive institutions promoting conformity - rewards
        • Learners are conditioned to accept domination and subordination
        • Hegemonic control
      • Bowles and Gintis
        • Workforce reproduced within school
        • 'The long shadow of work' - influence over schools such as the HC which replicates workplaces
        • Rejects that inequality comes from fair comp as SC, ethnicity and gender play a key part in success or failure
    • Feminism
      • The theory that women are at a disadvantage and their interests are devalued in the patriarchal society
      • Radical feminist
        • Gender inequalities and oppression are an outcome of patriarchy
        • Oakley
        • Greer
      • Liberal feminist
        • Tuckman
        • Equality through legal means, how society shapes roles
      • Marxist feminist
        • Barrett
        • Women are more exploited by capitalism than men
    • New Right
      • Political philosophy - conservative governments 1979-1997
      • Competition of the free market
        • Schools should be run like businesses
        • Theory of Marketization
      • Individual freedom - choose where they go to school and what they do
      • Reduced spending by the state - more self-reliant than before
      • Emphasises the traditional institutions and values
        • critcises lone parent families
      • Chubb and Moe
        • Ed run by state and local authorities don't meet aims and imposes a single school type
        • Competition of the free market
          • Schools should be run like businesses
          • Theory of Marketization
    • Functionalism
      • The individual is less important the society - macro approach
      • People are the product of all the social influences around them: parents, religion, education system
      • Durkheim
        • Social Solidarity - conscience collective
        • Specialistic skills + division of labour
        • Society in miniature - microcosm
      • Davis and Moore
        • Human Capital
        • Role allocation - Different social positions require different talents
        • Meritocracy
          • Parsons
            • Achieved status - work hard = good grades
            • Particularistic standards - social rules (Vs and Ns)
            • Ascribed status
      • Parsons
        • Achieved status - work hard = good grades
        • Particularistic standards - social rules (Vs and Ns)
        • Ascribed status
      • Durkheim and Parson's 4 functions of education
        • 2. Bridge between particularistic values and ascribed status (fam) + universalistic values and achieved status (soc)
        • 3. Developing human capital (trained and qualified labour force) - Shultz (1971) and Human Capital
        • 4. Allocating roles in a meritocratic society - Davis and Moore (1967), sifting for different job levels, equality of oppourtunity

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