Theories of education

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  • Theories of education
    • Functionalism
      • Education has three main funtions
        • Passing on core values
        • Sifts and sorts people into appropriate jobs
        • teaches the skills needed by work and the economy.
      • Durkheim - education passes on norms and values create social order and value consensus.
        • This strengthens social solidarity.
      • Parsons - schools pass on the universal value of achievement
        • Education selects children into appropriate roles  and it is meritocratic.
      • Davis and Moore - there has to be a system of unequal rewards  to motivate people to train for the top positions.
    • Marxism
      • Education has three main functions
        • Prepares children for work
        • Passes on the ruling class ideology
        • legitimises innequality
      • Bowels and Gintis - there's a correspondence between work and school.
        • They also say there's a hidden curriculum.
      • Althusser - education is part of the ideological state apparatus.
      • Willis - subcultures prove education doesn't always produce a docile and obedient work force.
      • Meritocracy is a myth that legitimises inequality.
    • Feminism
      • Hidden curriculum reinforces gender differences.
      • There are still gender differences in subject choice.
      • Girls are now outperforming boys - but boys demand more teacher attention
      • Men dominate the top positions in schools.
    • The New Right
      • Believe in the power of individual choice.
      • The role of a school should be more like a business.
      • Want to create an 'education market'
      • Bartlett - cream skimming and silt shifting.


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