Theories in Education

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  • Created by: jocastle
  • Created on: 12-05-16 18:05
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  • Theories in Education
    • Functionalism
      • Durkheim
        • creates 'social solidarity' - strong bond and collective culture
        • Transmits society's culture- language, citizenship, art etc
        • School acts as 'society in miniature'
      • Parsons
        • School is a bridge between home and wider society
          • Changes 'particularistic' to 'universalistic' values
          • Status in school is achieved not asbcribed
      • Davis and Moore
        • 'role allocation'- school is designed to separate students into appropriate roles
        • Competition is important- best people get best jobs
      • Blau and Duncan
        • 'Human capital'- more skills in industries
    • Marxism
      • Althusser
        • Education is part of 'ideological state apparatus'- used by the government to control ideas, values and beliefs
          • Reproduces class inequality- fails the working class
          • Legitimates class inequality- 'myth of meritocracy'
      • Bowles and Gintis
        • 'correspondence principle'- relationships + structure of education mirrors the workplace
          • 'hidden curriculum'- subliminal lessons within lessons
            • Social etiquette
            • Deadlines and consequences
            • Rewards for compliance
    • Neoliberalism/New Right
      • Schools should be run like businesses- no state control
      • Chubb and Moe
        • 'Consumer choice'- private-school working class pupils did 5% better than the state-educated
        • Argue state education needs competition
      • Keep elements of National Curriculum for competition
        • New Right contradicts itself


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