Theories

  • Created by: A-bee
  • Created on: 31-05-17 20:22
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  • theories
    • functionalism
      • George Peter Murdock
        • economic security
        • primary socialisation
        • sexual regulation
        • reproduction
        • the nuclear family exists in every society
      • Talcott Parsons
        • socialisation of children
        • stabilisation of adult personalities (SOAP)
      • Ronald Fletcher
        • regulates sexual behavior
        • procreation and child rearing
        • caring for its members
        • earliest socialisation
        • teachers the members their roles in society
      • Criticisms
        • Kibbutz children are raised in 'children houses'
        • family trends show nuclear family is declining
    • Marxism
      • the family benefits capitalism
      • the inheritance of property
        • Freidrich Engels: monogamy oppresses women
      • Ideological functions
        • justify the capitalist society
        • Eli Zaretsky (1976) the family offers a haven from the harsh world
      • A unit of consumption
        • consume latest trends
        • 'pester power'
      • Criticisms
        • ignores vairety of families
        • feminists: focus' on class not gender
        • functionalists: ignores the benefits
    • feminism
      • liberal
        • oppression is being overcome, changes in the law etc
        • criticised for not challenging underlying causes
      • marxist
        • reproduce the labour force, absorb anger, reserve army of cheap labour
        • Peggy Morton: 'ideologically condition' their children
      • radical
        • separatism
        • Germaine Greer (2000) 'matriarchal households' alternative to hetero sexual family
        • critised for failing to recognise progress. Jenny Summervile (2000) heterosexual attraction makes this unlikely
      • difference
        • can't generalise
        • white feminists neglect black women's experiences
        • critism for neglecting that many women share the same experiences

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