The tempest - Themes

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  • Themes
    • Power
      • Freedom
        • Prospero sets Ariel free
        • Frees Antonio of his torment on the island
        • Reunites Alonso with his son
      • Prospero
        • Enslaved Caliban
          • I acknowledge mine
          • Abhorred slave
        • Commands Ariel
        • Controlling of Miranda
        • Lost power
          • Usurped of his dukedom
          • Fear of losing power again is deep seated
      • Masters and Servants
        • Most are characterised by some form of resentment
          • Boatswain
            • Challenges authority of the King
              • What cares these roarers for the name of the King?
          • Ariel
            • Unwilling servant and longs for freedom
          • Caliban
            • Deep resentment for Prospero
              • You taught me language and my profit on't is I know how to curse
          • Antonio and Sebastian
            • Challenge the rightful authority of the King
              • Plan to murder Alonso
          • Stephano
            • Assumes the role of King and takes Caliban as his servant
    • Forgiveness or revenge
      • Forgiveness
        • Prospero
          • Antonio
            • Rids them of their torment and allows them to leave the island
            • The rarer action is in virtue than in vengeance
            • I do forgive thy rankest fault
          • Alosnso
            • Reunites him with his son
              • I will requite you with as good a thing
          • Let us not burden our remembrances with a heaviness that has gone
        • Alonso
          • asks Ferdinand for forgiveness
            • I must ask my child for forgiveness
      • Revenge
        • Prospero
          • Antonio
            • Desire for vengeance has lay dormant in Prospero throughout the years of banishment
              • Wants to see them suffer for their crimes before they are forgiven
          • Alonso
            • Makes him believe his son has died
              • Irreparable is the loss
          • I will plague them all
        • Caliban
    • Supernatural
      • The Tempest is propelled by magical forces
      • Ariel
        • Spirit of the air
          • I flamed amazement
          • Were I human
      • Sounds
        • Resemble the spirits of the island
          • The isle is full of noises, sounds and sweet airs
          • Marvellous sweet music
        • Provide atmosphere to key moments in the play
      • Prospero
        • Magical acts
          • Summons a tempest
          • Freed Ariel from a tree
          • Could give Caliban cramps
            • Tonight thou shalt have cramps
        • Has a magic cloak
    • Nature or nurture
      • Represented by the characters: Miranda and Caliban
        • Miranda = nurture
          • Adored by father
            • Cherubin
          • Evident from first speech in play
            • Able to show sympathy for those in the shipwreck
              • O I have suffered, with those that I saw suffer
          • Her purpose is to symbolise the positive effects of nurture
            • And how it contrasts with nature and Caliban
        • Caliban = nature
          • Prospero failed to educate Caliban
            • Caliban is guided by his natural lusts: greed, envy and violence
              • Tried to rape Miranda
                • Till thou didst seek to violate the honour of my child
                • I had peopled else this isle with Calibans
            • You taught me language; and my profit on't is, I know how to curse
          • A devil, a born devil, on whose nature nurture can never stick

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