Geography Theme 3 Development 1 - 3 Final

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  • Theme 3 - Uneven Development
    • Location of Economic Activity
      • footloose industries
        • location
          • limited impact from resourcesor transport
        • not tied to a particular location
      • Govern ment Incentives
      • Labour
      • Raw Materials
    • multinational companies
      • different jobs different location
      • Locate business to minimise cost
        • increase  profit
        • manufacturing
          • cheap land / build cost
          • low tax
            • low cost labour
              • LEDC south Brandt Line
          • low cost labour
            • LEDC south Brandt Line
          • High Tech Manufacturing
            • Research and development
              • Business managers
                • MEDC / Europe / Asia
                  • High Tech Manufacturing
                    • Research and development
                      • Business managers
                        • MEDC / Europe / Asia
        • close to customers
          • new industrial ising  countries (NIC)
            • increased wealth
        • APPLE CASE STUDY
      • Employment Structures
        • Primary
        • Secondary
          • Production
            • De - industrial isation
              • high cost of labour
              • production
              • structure
                • private
                  • large private company
                  • APPLE
                • public Government
                • % of each type
                  • change over time and place
                • LEDC
                  • Mali
                    • Informal jobs
                      • waste recycling / scrap metal
                        • subsistence - little money used
                          • daily chores
                            • house person
                              • fetch water
                              • SO WHAT?
                                • Long working days
                                  • No education
                                  • 16 hours day - rural areas
                                    • WHY?
                                      • Poor transport
                                        • NO Taps
                                        • LACK OF SERVICES
                                          • Poor education
                              • meals
                        • IMPORTED CARS ALL METAL USED
                • technology changing fast
                  • MECHANI SAITON
                    • replace human labour
        • Tertiary
      • Environmental Impacts
        • Local Impacts
          • China
            • GNI - Gross National Income
              • Average Income per person
              • Standard of living increase
                • less poverty
            • ACID RAIN
              • NO2
                • cars
                  • factories
                • SMOG
                  • Respiratory Diseases
                    • 400,000 deaths per annum (year)
                • 50% increase 1992 - 2005
              • Acid lakes
                • leek nutrients from soil
                  • aluminium in rivers
                  • Trees and vegetation - photosynthesis
      • KYOTO (1997) and PARIS CONFERENCE (2015)
      • Environmental Impacts - GLOBAL
        • greenhouse effect
          • Natural Effect
            • allows life
              • average 15 C NOT -17C
            • CO2 Natural
          • greenhouse gases
            • CH4
            • H20
            • C02
        • Carbon Sinks
          • Coal
          • Gas
          • Oil
          • Humans release carbon sinks - add too much CO2
            • Consequences
              • Different  Impacts
                • MEDC
                  • Thames Barrier closure
                    • More frequent
                  • Impact coastal regions
                    • hurricanes
                    • storm surges
                      • sea level rise 2mm
                    • flooding
                      • 16 megacities in coastal regions
                        • Mumbai
                        • New York
                        • 6.4 billion people
                • LEDC
                  • Impact coastal regions
                    • hurricanes
                    • storm surges
                      • sea level rise 2mm
                    • flooding
                      • 16 megacities in coastal regions
                        • Mumbai
                        • New York
                        • 6.4 billion people
          • Human actions
            • Adding CO2
            • Consequences
              • Different  Impacts
                • MEDC
                  • Thames Barrier closure
                    • More frequent
                • LEDC
              • Increase speed of transfer in carbon cycle
          • evidence KEELING CURVE
            • Increase of CO2 in PP Million
            • Ice Cores
              • evidence of cycles
                • Glacials  (cooler)
                • Interglacials (warmer)
            • Hawaii
              • Average - reading away from Urban areas
      • Communication networks
        • Broadband
        • Roads
      • locals separated from tourists
        • live shanty town
          • hour by bus
          • shared toilets
            • conflict
              • places only tourists allowed
              • Tin roof leaks
                • hotels control access
          • mirgants separated from family
        • tourist enclave
          • social Impacts
            • locals separated from tourists
              • live shanty town
                • hour by bus
                • shared toilets
                  • conflict
                    • places only tourists allowed
                    • Tin roof leaks
                      • hotels control access
                • mirgants separated from family
              • tourist enclave
                • social Impacts
                  • Conflict
                    • locals want
                      • affordable housing
                        • Rent $150 month
                          • wages $4 day
                        • wages $4 day
                      • Expensive consumer goods
                        • iPhones
                        • Jewellery
                          • Crime
                      • Cheap local food
                        • NO high price imported food
                    • sustainable
                      • ECONOMIC
                      • Environmental
                        • replace Mangrove Trees
                        • reduce pollution
            • Conflict
              • locals want
                • affordable housing
                  • Rent $150 month
                  • Expensive consumer goods
                    • iPhones
                    • Jewellery
                      • Crime
                  • Cheap local food
                    • NO high price imported food
                • sustainable
                  • ECONOMIC
                  • Environmental
                    • replace Mangrove Trees
                    • reduce pollution
          • reef damage
            • divers standing
            • cutting down mangrove trees
              • hotels
              • marinas
            • boat anchor dragged along coral
          • 350 - 800 litres per day
            • showers
            • restaurants
              • conflict
                • slow recharge
                • GROUND WATER
                  • Long Dry Summers
                    • climate
            • laundry
          • Better Pay
          • Higher Qualified jobs
          • Local people benefit
            • SERVICES
              • Taps
                • Schools
                  • Sewage Treatment
                    • SERVICES
                      • Taps
                        • Schools
                          • Sewage Treatment
            • basic products
              • manufacture LEDC
            • Large % primary
            • Untitled
            • 90% african jobs
              • no tax paid
              • STREET MARKETS
            • poor health and safety
              • no contract or benefits
            • education
              • No Government investment
                • no tax paid
            • POOR Health care
            • Self Employed - PLUMBER
            • Knowledge Economy (KIS)
              • Education and Finance
              • Formal Jobs
                • Holiday Pay
                • Pay Tax
                • Contract Sick Pay
                • Regular wage
            • renewables
              • forst sinks
                • soaks up excess carbon in trees
              • safer option
                • sahara solar farm
                • CASE STUDY: KEEDBY WIND FARM
            • SUPER GRID - Europe
            • Jobs for farmers

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