The United Front

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  • Created by: Phoebe
  • Created on: 14-04-13 17:25
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  • The United Front 1924
    • CCP
      • only 50 members 1921
        • no power  against warlords (attempt to stop railway in Beijing under control of Zhang Zhoulin) 1923
      • urged by the Comintern to combine with GMD
    • GMD
      • approached by Comintern 1923 agents including Borodin offered money and military supplies
      • Socialism compatible with Marxism
      • Sun Yatsen willing to respong to USSR as powerless against Warlords
        • Admired structure and discipline of Bolsheviks
      • 1923 Moscow GMD pact of friendship
    • The soviet union
      • wanted to safe guard
      • Co-operation with GMD secure intrests in Mongolia and preserve it as a buffer against Japan
        • seizure of outer mongolia 1924
        • retained hold of trans-siberian railway so easy access
    • Why?
      • Fight against Warlords and Foreigners (but used foreign interference)
    • 30th May 1925
      • A large crowd marched on Shaangai after the shooting of Chinese workers by a Japanese factory guard
        • The british opened fire on protestors killing 12
          • Attacks on foreigners similar to Boxer rebellion
      • Revealed how strong foreign resentment was
        • Need for united front
    • 1925 death of Sun Yatsen
      • released anti communist forces within the party
      • The need for a stong military allowed Chiang kaishek to become leader of the party
        • Proved himself as commander in chief of whampoa military camp in guangzou
        • used his leadership of NRA
    • Chiang Kai Shek
      • No love for marxism
      • Didn't believe CCP and GMD could work together and they had to be crushed
      • Had to get rid of Warlords before CCP
        • Northern expedition 1926-1928
          • Three main targets:
            • Sun Chuanfung- eastern China
              • Hardest to overcome his army of 100000 launched a series of counterattacksthat damaged NRA
            • Wu Peifu - central plains
            • Zhang Zhoulin- Northern China
            • Surround and cut supply lines
          • GMD became legitimate government of china in 1928
          • Mao did a lot on behalf of CCP 'son of Hunan' links with peasants
          • Failures of Northern expedition
            • didn't completely wipe out warlordism
              • some where allowed to keep armies aslong as cooperated with GMD
              • some one over by being offered places in the party
        • started purging CCP sympathizers in the GMD including closest challenger Wang Jingwei leader of the left
          • CCP didnt react due to comintern who stated must stay united


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